“Civilian hospitals organized to give care to the wounded and sick, the infirm and maternity cases, may in no circumstances be the object of attack, but shall at all times be respected and protected by the Parties to the conflict.”(Geneva Convention (IV) on Civilians, 1949 – Article 1)

This position paper addresses Israel’s recurrent military strikes on medical facilities, personnel, and infrastructure in the Gaza Strip. These systematic attacks have decimated Gaza’s healthcare system, severely devastating its capacity to respond to the escalating needs of patients and the wounded. Accordingly, Israel’s actions must be investigated as war crimes. Furthermore, the evacuation of patients from the Gaza Strip has been considerably impeded, demonstrating a blatant disregard for their urgent needs. These conditions have intensified the strain on an already overburdened healthcare system, which, even before the war, struggled with the severe limitations imposed by Israel’s military blockade on Gaza. The recent military campaign dealt a catastrophic final blow to Gaza’s healthcare system and its population during one of its most challenging periods in history. This position paper presents two key arguments: (1) Israel has effectively destroyed Gaza’s healthcare system. (2) The massive devastation was accompanied by a defamation campaign against the healthcare system, aiming to undermine its credibility and professionalism despite a lack of evidence supporting such allegations (cases in which evidence was presented and verified by an impartial third party will be discussed later in the document.) Israel has shifted its approach from a policy of de-development to a strategy of complete destruction.


Dear friends,

The healthcare system is a pillar of social solidarity, critical to a society’s capacity to sustain itself. The combination of the words “health” and “care” emphasizes its fundamental role in mutual accountability – a system inherent to human existence, from birth to life’s final moments. It is a system that delivers, saves, and preserves lives.

Gazan society has been in crisis since 1948, when it absorbed a refugee population three times the size of its own. These refugees were settled in eight refugee camps, and for the past 75 years, successive generations have grown up in poverty and oppression. Fifty-six years of military occupation have exacted an additional heavy toll on Gaza’s residents, both as individuals and as a community. Over the course of decades, Israel stifled any Palestinian attempts at social and political organization in Gaza, severely harming the local educational, economic, judicial, and welfare systems. Moreover, Gaza has grappled with an ongoing crisis stemming from the detrimental consequences of a sixteen-year blockade. Beyond adversely impacting the physical and mental well-being of over two million residents, Israel’s blockade of Gaza has fundamentally eroded the capacity to maintain local institutions crucial to the functioning of a society.

Amid this harsh reality, Gaza’s healthcare system proved to be a resilient space of survival for both individuals and society as a whole. Beyond providing patient care, it has acted as a space for mutual aid and a trusted public institution while instilling hope in society’s resilience even amid the most challenging circumstances.

The circumstances in Gaza are indeed dire. Israel’s occupation has prevented the capacity to administer various treatments, including chemotherapy for over 2,000 cancer patients in Gaza. It has also prevented healthcare professionals from participating in trainings, conferences, and continued education programs outside the Gaza Strip. The healthcare system in Gaza grapples with severe shortages of essential medical supplies and almost half of the required medications, critically impairing its capacity to function. Amid these conditions, the


residents of Gaza face an ongoing public health crisis, grappling with a lack of drinking water, electricity, and food security. Additionally, they are subjected to frequent military attacks that harm medical facilities and personnel, resulting in countless physical and mental injuries.

Yet despite all this, our work in Gaza has introduced us to dedicated health professionals, their patients, and inspiring local communities. Over the past 14 years, approximately 100 PHRI volunteer delegations have provided medical care, performed operations, and transported supplies and medications to Gaza. Our primary efforts have centered around providing professional training and capacity building for healthcare professionals, including training in eye, knee, and kidney transplant surgeries for physicians and trauma-informed care for local mental health therapists. The remarkable determination of local professionals to further educate themselves and enhance their care services for the people of Gaza, along with the patients’ confidence in them, have taught us valuable lessons on social resilience and the indispensable role of the healthcare system in Gazan society.

On October 7, Hamas-led militants carried out a murderous attack with the explicit intent of targeting civilians. Hundreds of men, women, and children were slaughtered, and among the 250 Israelis who were taken hostage, 129 are still being held in Gaza. Following the assault, Israel launched a military offensive in Gaza marked by unprecedented brutality, leading to more than 28,300 casualties to date, including more than 12,300 children.1 Since its outset, Israel’s military campaign in Gaza has involved deliberate and systematic assaults on local healthcare infrastructure. Israel’s latest aggression has escalated the already dire humanitarian and health crisis in Gaza, severely impairing Gazans’ capacity to continue surviving. As early as 2012, the UN published a special report cautioning that Gaza would no longer be inhabitable by 2020.

This report and subsequent ones have underscored the obliteration of the healthcare system as a pivotal factor leading to the descent into an irreparable crisis. As demonstrated in this position paper, Israel’s current military aggression, its most ruthless since 1948, has resulted 1 The number of causalities and wounded in this position-paper are updated as of February 12, 2024.



in the total collapse of Gaza’s healthcare system and an unparalleled humanitarian catastrophe.

Apart from causing physical and psychological harm to residents, the direct attack on Gaza’s healthcare system is also proving lethal to local society. The inability to provide care for wounded and dying patients is not just a human disaster; it also reflects the breakdown of systems of trust and mutual aid. Medical personnel rendered helpless amid the pleas of the injured and their families, the evacuation of medical facilities with patients left behind, non-operational hospitals, and a local population left to face their own fate – all signify the disintegration of community networks that constitute the essence of social existence.

The local and international medical community must take a stand and resist. Our unique comprehension of the ramifications of denying healthcare compels us to insist that the destruction of Gaza’s healthcare system contradicts ethical standards, violating the right to life and the core principles of care and compassion inherent in the medical profession. We must advocate for saving lives and the immediate rehabilitation of Gaza’s healthcare system and society. We must demand a ceasefire, the release of all hostages, an end to the blockade, and the pursuit of a peaceful political resolution that ensures safety, freedom, and equality for everyone between the river and the sea.

Yours sincerely,
Dr. (PhD) Guy Shalev Executive Director, PHRI



Following the Hamas-led attack on towns in southern Israel on the morning of October 7, 2023, Israel launched a military offensive on the Gaza Strip. As of Feb 12, 2024, the toll stands at more than 28,340 dead with 67,984 individuals injured, close to two million displaced, and an unknown number still missing, with many presumed to be buried beneath the rubble of bombed structures. Given the gravity of the crisis, the importance of a functional healthcare system is paramount, as it plays a pivotal role in treating the injured and the ill and addressing public health concerns. It is, therefore, imperative to examine the repercussions of Israel’s military aggression within this context.2

The magnitude of Israel’s attack on Gaza’s healthcare system is evident in a flash update issued by the Palestinian Ministry of Health outlining the war’s outcomes until the end of 2023: 142 health facilities were targeted, resulting in 30 hospitals and 53 clinics losing functionality. Additionally, 326 healthcare workers were killed, 350 sustained injuries, and 99 were arrested.3 Hospitals in the northern Gaza Strip were rendered entirely inoperative for extended durations, even as the number of wounded individuals continued to increase. The hospitals that could subsequently resume operations did so with limited capacity.4

The Israeli assault caused unparalleled damage to Gaza’s medical infrastructure. At present, only eight out of 36 hospitals and medical facilities in Gaza are operational, and they are severely understaffed, lacking essential equipment,5 and functioning at twice their capacity.6 The hospitals and medical facilities have been incapacitated due to multiple factors, including encirclement by Israeli military forces impeding staff movement; a critical shortage of fuel, electricity, and medicine resulting from Israel’s complete blockade on the Gaza Strip; and incidents of direct firing and military invasions. Evacuation orders

3 Palestinian Emergency Operation Center, Palestinian Ministry of Health – Gaza Strip 2023,
1 January 2024.
4 Gaza: ‘Endless needs’ reflect spiralling situation as hospitals shut down, WHO warns | UN News
5 WHO pleads for immediate reversal of Gaza evacuation order to protect health and reduce suffering 6

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have been issued for more than 22 medical facilities in the northern Gaza Strip.7 Furthermore, based on reports from the Palestinian Ministry of Health, 52 out of the 72 clinics in the Gaza Strip have ceased operations, with the rest functioning only partially. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the incapacitation of hospitals has resulted in a severe decrease in the number of beds, dropping from 3,500 before the war to 1,400 at present.8 This has considerably impeded the local healthcare system’s capacity to respond to the needs of the countless sick and wounded residents.

This massive and extensive damage over recent weeks indicates that the hospitals in the northern Gaza Strip have become a deliberate target. According to data and testimonies collected by Human Rights Watch, Al-Quds Hospital, Al-Nasr Children’s Hospital, and the International Eye Care Center were all targeted within the first month of the war, resulting in the complete destruction of the latter. Al-Rantisi Children’s Hospital, Al-Shifa,9 and the Indonesian Hospital10 were also damaged in the bombardments. Numerous patients, their relatives, and thousands of displaced individuals who sought refuge in the hospitals were either killed or wounded. As a result, the hospitals, intended to be safe havens, not only lost their capacity to provide patient care but frequently turned into death traps.

This position paper examines the current state of Gaza’s healthcare system following the military aggression, as well as Israel’s role in harming it. We argue that Israel’s assertions about the loss of protected status for medical facilities do not warrant the extensive and deliberate destruction that ensued, and that Israel’s actions should be investigated as a violation of international humanitarian law and as a war crime.

7 Human Rights Watch, “Gaza: Unlawful Israeli Hospital Strikes Worsen Health Crisis”, November 16, 2023.
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9 Hostilities in the Gaza Strip and Israel | Flash Update #35 [EN/AR/HE] | OCHA ( 10 Hostilities in the Gaza Strip and Israel | Flash Update #45 [EN/AR/HE] | OCHA (

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Analysis of the damage to Gaza’s hospitals

Israel provided two main justifications for its assaults on Gaza’s hospitals. Firstly, it asserted that the hospitals were given evacuation warnings to safeguard the lives of both staff and patients. Secondly, Israel argued that the hospitals lost their right to special protection because they were being used as Hamas command centers. However, Israel’s reasoning misrepresents the actual circumstances on the ground. Evacuating large hospitals, especially those dealing with complex medical cases, requires a safe and professional process and adequate alternative facilities to accommodate the evacuated patients. These essential conditions were not met.11 For instance, Al-Quds Hospital sought assistance from PHRI after being instructed to evacuate on October 29 without being presented with viable alternatives for patients. The petition we submitted in response was subsequently rejected, with the court signaling that the military had been granted a carte blanche to act with impunity: “A petition was submitted demanding to limit the Israel Defense Forces’ freedom of action amid its efforts to protect the citizens of Israel. War-related court petitions are categorically dismissed to prevent the overburdening of the government branches and the need to address such petitions while our enemies hunt us in the north and the south.”12 Meanwhile, during the temporary ceasefire at Al-Nasr Hospital, when staff returned after being instructed to evacuate along with patients, five premature newborns were found lifeless.13

The WHO had raised alarms about the grave danger posed to the lives of patients and displaced individuals, especially vulnerable patients “cut off from life-saving medical attention,” following Israel’s orders to evacuate to the southern Gaza Strip. The organization highlighted a shortage of emergency vehicles and hospital beds in the medical facilities of southern Gaza, making it difficult to transfer and treat patients adequately. Israel’s evacuation orders were thus deemed

11 Human Rights Watch, “Gaza: Unlawful Israeli Hospital Strikes Worsen Health Crisis”, November 16, 2023.
12 Petition No. 6724-23.
جثث أطفال رضع متحللة بمستشفى في غزة تصدم العالم | أخبار | الجزي�رة نت 13 (

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“a death sentence for the sick and injured,” endangering the lives of thousands and undermining the capacity to provide medical care in Gaza.14 The evacuation orders, issued in the face of the imminent collapse of Gaza’s entire healthcare system, worsened its ability to handle the overwhelming challenges it was confronting.

Consequences for patients

Beyond the devastating influx of critically wounded patients – a challenge even Israel’s advanced healthcare system struggled to cope with – the hospitals in Gaza also had to continue providing routine and ongoing care to patients reliant on their services. They inevitably collapsed under the burden of the countless severe cases, tending to the needs of displaced individuals seeking refuge, grappling with shortages of essentials such as fuel, electricity, water, and medical equipment, and dealing with fatigued and depleted personnel. Among the groups most adversely affected were patients requiring continuous care, particularly those undergoing cancer and dialysis treatment.

Cancer patients: There are 2,000 cancer patients in the Gaza Strip, including 122 children.15 In early November, the Turkish-Palestinian Friendship Hospital for Cancer was bombed by Israel, leaving hundreds of patients without medical care. Hospital Director Dr. Subhi Sakik reported that four patients died on the night of the patients’ evacuation to the nearby Shuhada al-Aqsa hospital, in addition to six patients who had died the previous night.16 The physician told Al-Jazeera that cancer patients had to evacuate the hospital 37 days into the war because the facility could no longer offer them sufficient care, thereby exposing their lives to increased risk. Some patients were transferred to the Dar Al Salam Hospital in Khan Younis, considered a safer option.

14 World Health Organization, Evacuation orders by Israel to hospitals in Norther Gaza are a death sentence for the sick and injured, October 13, 2023.
15 WHO (31 October 2023), Patients under siege in Gaza (Infographic). published-31st-october-2023


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Even before the start of the war, the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza was receiving hundreds of requests to leave Gaza for medical treatment due to the unavailability of care locally. Patients granted approval were primarily treated in hospitals in the West Bank and Israel. Israel, in numerous instances, would either delay or deny exit permits for patients,17 decline to issue long-term permits for those requiring continuous care,18 and prevent parents from accompanying their sick children.19 After the war began, circumstances grew even more strained, and the lack of critical cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, cost the lives of numerous patients. As Israel’s military aggression escalated, some patients were evacuated for treatment through the Rafah Border Crossing. While some traveled through Egypt to access medical care in Turkey, an unconfirmed number of patients remained in Gaza without receiving the necessary treatment.

Kidney disease patients: Before October 7, kidney disease patients in Gaza were being treated in six medical centers, where 13,000 dialysis treatments were administered monthly. Approximately 2,000 patients were referred to hospitals outside the Gaza Strip, mainly in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Israel. However, due to the severe shortage of fuel and essential medical supplies since the onset of the war, the dialysis centers were compelled to reduce treatments from four to two hours for over 1,000 patients, including at least 30 children.20 The Health Ministry’s stock of dialysis filters, cannulas, and IV tubing was completely depleted, and the remaining supplies in hospital dialysis units were minimal. As rapid deterioration of kidney disease patients can occur in the absence of treatment, the shortage of medical supplies due to Israel’s siege and the attacks on Al-Shifa and Indonesian Hospitals were tantamount to a death sentence.21 Dr. Munir Albursh, director general of Gaza’s Health Ministry, noted in an interview that kidney disease patients had been dying daily due to the inability to receive treatment or travel to southern Gaza.22 Following concerted efforts during the temporary ceasefire, the dialysis unit at the Indonesian Hospital – equipped with only 20 operational machines – partially resumed functionality, along with Al- Shifa Hospital’s dialysis unit.

Consequences for the wounded

Through our regular communications with colleagues within Gaza’s healthcare system, we were confronted with the distressing reality unfolding in the hospitals. The devastation of the healthcare infrastructure and the incapacitation of Gaza’s major medical facilities have condemned the wounded to endure agonizing deaths from untreated injuries. In some instances, they died with family members by their side. In others, they were abandoned to face solitary deaths on the hospital floor, without medical personnel to treat them or anesthetics to ease their suffering, without access to water, and in dire sanitary conditions. The hospitals in southern Gaza that were still operational at the time also faced severe shortages of supplies and equipment, and it was nearly impossible to carry out surgeries under suitable conditions. The hospitals that remained functional in southern Gaza confronted critical shortages of supplies and equipment, and conducting surgeries under suitable conditions was nearly unattainable. In a webinar on December 11, Dr. Ghassan Abu Sittah from Al Ahli Hospital disclosed that Gaza’s healthcare system faced collapse already in the initial days of the war due to the severity and complexity of the injuries, remaining without supplies and with extremely limited capacities.23 Since then, tens of thousands more have been wounded, while the healthcare system has suffered a 70% loss of its capabilities due to Israeli attacks and the inability to replenish equipment. The critical supply shortage

21 phsa-hostilities-occupied-palestinian-territory-opt-05-november-2023
23 A Conversation with Dr. Ghassan Abu-Sittah, December 11, 2023, Webinar, FXB

Center for Health & Human Rights at Harvard University. watch?v=0dwN3J3gyjA

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included a lack of burn dressings and morphine for anesthesia and pain relief. Shortly before the ceasefire, the stock of ketamine and other anesthetics ran out as well. According to Dr. Abu Sittah, these conditions forced them to cease operations in the surgery room at Al Ahli Hospital. The medical staff then decided to travel to southern Gaza and assist the still-operational hospitals. The severity of the injuries, such as burns without shrapnel and limb amputations, emphasized to the physicians the intensity of the war.

Before leaving Al Ahli, the hospital’s physicians faced over 500 wounded patients with only two operating rooms, “essentially transforming us into glorified first responders. We only treated and operated on patients on the verge of death – carrying out procedures like opening airways, stopping bleeding from organs, and treating wounds that had penetrated internal organs – but nothing more. Many wounded people were left untreated… Large open wounds eventually became infected.” In his helplessness, Dr. Abu Sittah resorted to cleaning wounds with laundry detergent and vinegar – and without anesthesia.24

During the webinar, Dr. Abu Sittah emphasized the long-term consequences for the wounded, which will persist long after the war’s conclusion. With the healthcare system in ruins and no rehabilitation efforts in sight, those injured will face enduring chronic disabilities and a shortage of prosthetics. He cited estimates suggesting that between 900 and 1500 amputations were performed solely on minors, with some losing multiple limbs. This would present a significant burden even for an advanced and fully operational healthcare system, but for a collapsed system without its resources, it represents an insurmountable challenge.

Consequences for healthcare personnel

Medical staff found themselves caught in complex circumstances that prevented them from providing optimal care to the ill and wounded. Operating under the constant threat of attack poses impossible ethical and professional dilemmas. For example, amid their efforts to save lives, certain medical personnel received heartbreaking updates about the





loss and injury of their own family members, some even arriving at the hospitals where they were employed. They were consistently faced with the imminent threat of mortal danger. According to the Palestinian Ministry of Health, 326 health workers lost their lives, 350 were wounded, and 99 were arrested, with all contact subsequently severed. Some health workers discovered that their homes had been bombed, leaving them with nowhere to return. Others were faced with Israeli orders to evacuate hospitals despite having sick and wounded patients who could not be moved, including incubated preterm newborns, sedated patients in intensive care, and individuals with disabilities.

Despite their hospitals being targeted, some staff chose to remain with their patients, while others left to accompany those who could be evacuated. Physicians were forced to conduct surgeries in darkness, relying solely on the illumination from mobile phone flashlights. While acutely aware of the unsatisfactory hygienic conditions, they clung to the hope that they were, at the very least, increasing the likelihood of saving a life. Amputations were carried out on limbs that, under normal circumstances, could have been saved. The exhaustion endured by medical personnel and the trauma resulting from the harrowing conditions they confronted have repercussions on both their physical and mental health. These factors affect their professional performance and erode their confidence in their ability to fulfill their duties. They, too, are among the victims of Israel’s assault.

Public health consequences

The surge in patients and displaced individuals, along with power outages, fuel shortages, lack of safe drinking water, and insufficient medical supplies, imposed an immense strain on hospitals in northern Gaza, resulting in a devastating public health catastrophe. The gravity of the crisis prompted the WHO to issue a warning about the soaring risk of disease transmission in Gaza.25 The organization’s spokesperson stated that the rates of diarrhea among children in the sheltering camps

25 World Health Organization, Risk of disease spread soars in Gaza as health facilities, water and sanitation systems disrupted, November 8, 2023.

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exceeded 100 times the usual levels.26 Without available treatments, they faced the risk of dehydration and potential death. The risk of respiratory infections, chickenpox, and skin conditions similarly increased. Moreover, recent floods, causing the contamination of drinking water with sewage, presented the potential for a cholera outbreak. Numerous camps also documented cases of sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract infections, with limited or no access to medical treatment. Women have resorted to sharing menstrual hygiene products and birth control pills, and those using intrauterine contraceptives have experienced bleeding and infections as a result of the unhygienic conditions.27

Israel’s lack of concern for this situation only slightly changed when it began impacting its own troops. Yet, even then, the warnings from Israeli health officials and the U.S. insistence on permitting the entry of fuel tankers to avert the collapse of sewage treatment facilities were contingent on security considerations: “We consulted with security officials to assess whether the decision adversely affects military objectives. The unanimous decision from all security branches was that it was feasible to accommodate the U.S. request.”28 As has been the norm for decades, the health of Palestinians was disregarded and entirely subject to Israeli “security considerations.”

Hospitals in southern Gaza

Upon the resumption of hostilities after the temporary ceasefire concluded on December 1, the assaults on hospitals in the southern Gaza Strip recommenced. This was exacerbated by an influx of wounded and sick persons arriving from hospitals that had ceased to function across Gaza, particularly in the north. As airstrikes and ground operations resumed, the hospitals in the southern Gaza Strip sustained significant damage, making access to them especially difficult. During a recent visit to Nasser Medical Complex in Khan Younis, a WHO team characterized the situation as catastrophic, noting that the medical center’s buildings

26 Devu Sridhar, It’s not just bullets and bombs. I have never seen health organizations as worried as they are about disease in Gaza, The Guardian, 29 December 2023.
27 28 «Head of the National Security Council: We agreed to bring allow fuel into Gaza to prevent the spread of epidemics,” Ynet, November 17, 2023. [Hebrew]

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and grounds were “grossly overcrowded” with patients and displaced individuals seeking refuge.29 Amid an immense demand for healthcare services, the area is grappling with a critical shortage of medical staff. Physicians are exhausted, working tirelessly, and numerous patients are receiving treatment on hospital floors. According to data from the Palestinian Ministry of Health, hospital bed occupancy has reached 171%, and the Intensive Care Units (ICU) occupancy is 221%.30

Al-Shifa Hospital as a case study

In all instances where hospitals were targeted, Israel has failed to provide sufficient evidence to substantiate claims that the hospitals violated the terms of their protected status. One of the most widely discussed hospital attacks was the one that took place at Al-Shifa Hospital, Gaza’s largest and most advanced medical facility. Below, we detail the sequence of events during the assault:

November 3: The hospital’s primary generator ceased to function due to fuel depletion. The hospital continued operations using a smaller secondary generator, supplying electricity primarily to the ICUs, emergency room, and operating rooms. The shortage of medical supplies and the unsanitary conditions in the hospital heightened the risk of disease transmission and post-surgery infections. Reports indicated instances where wounds were exposed to flies and maggots, posing risks of tissue damage, bacterial infection, and sepsis.31

November 9: Israel escalated its bombardments near the hospitals in northern Gaza, with five documented strikes in the vicinity of Al-Shifa. These resulted in at least seven reported deaths and damage to the maternity ward and outpatient clinics.32

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November 10: Ground forces effectively cut off northern Gaza from the south, leaving only a narrow corridor to the south. The ground assault intensified near hospitals as shelling and airstrikes continued. According to accounts from Doctors Without Borders and media reports,3334 patients and medical personnel were fired upon as they tried to flee Al-Shifa.

November 11: Israeli tanks surrounded the compound, blocking all entries, exits, and movement between buildings. Communication with hospitals in northern Gaza was cut off. Furthermore, the Indonesian Hospital and Al-Shifa experienced a power outage when their generators ran out of fuel. Consequently, two preterm newborns and ten patients lost their lives after their life support equipment ceased to function. Additionally, the 37 newborns in incubators and the dialysis patients were at risk of death. Al-Shifa’s director reported that the hospital had exhausted its supplies of food, water, and electricity. 15,000 people remained in the hospital, which had provided shelter to roughly 60,000 displaced persons since the war began.35

At this stage, the Israeli military declared that it was not causing harm to the hospital despite the ongoing combat in its vicinity, maintaining that it had established secure pathways for evacuations on the east side of the complex.36 Nevertheless, the reality on the ground was grim. Following intensified shelling starting around noon, three nurses lost their lives, and the cardiovascular facility and maternity ward sustained damage, along with the oxygen generator and several water tanks. Although many displaced individuals and some medical personnel managed to escape, others remained trapped inside, hesitant to leave

33 hospitals-under-fire-gaza#:~:text=At%20the%20time%20of%20this,%22They%20cannot%20evacuate 34 shifa-hospital-under-attack
36 IDF Spokesperson statement, October 11, 2023. [Hebrew] https://www.idf. 16

due to reports of snipers positioned around the hospital.37 Some of the remaining patients were physically unable to evacuate on their own. The WHO reported that some individuals who used the “safe corridor,” secured by Israeli forces to facilitate the exit of those trapped in the hospital, found themselves caught in the crossfire, resulting in several fatalities.38

November 13: The director of Al-Shifa reported that they received instructions not to leave the hospital premises to retrieve bodies or provide medical care to the wounded in the surrounding area of the complex.39 With reports emerging of dozens of bodies beginning to decompose inside the hospital buildings, concerns about the potential for the spread of diseases and infections heightened. Following negotiations with Israeli forces, the hospital was granted permission to bury the bodies on that day. However, despite obtaining approval, the military hindered the burial process, forcing hospital staff to dig a mass grave in the courtyard of the complex for over 80 bodies.40 In an urgent plea to the State Attorney’s Office, PHRI requested to allow the evacuation of the wounded, preterm newborns, the ill, and displaced individuals seeking to leave, along with the evacuation and burial of all bodies, while avoiding any harm to those involved in these activities. As of now, we have not received any response to the request.

November 14: Days after imposing a complete siege and shelling its surroundings, Israeli forces entered Al-Shifa. They seized control of several hospital structures and bombed the area, including parts of the hospital itself, all while 7,000 displaced individuals, 1,500 medical personnel, and 700 patients, including 37 preterm newborns, were present inside. Dr. Muhammad Zaqout, the general director of hospitals in the Gaza Strip, told Al Jazeera that Israeli forces targeted the surgical and intensive care units and bombed a storage room for

38 shifa-hospital-in-gaza-amid-reports-of-attacks.html
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drugs and medical supplies.41 Furthermore, military forces severed the connections between various buildings in the complex, conducted searches, and interrogated medical staff and patients, according to Palestinian Red Crescent spokesperson Raed Nims.

After the bombings and the siege, those still present within the compound were deprived of water, food, and electricity for several days. Without essential medical supplies, the hospital, usually capable of accommodating 600 patients, was rendered entirely non-operational. The spokesperson for the Palestinian Ministry of Health reported 40 fatalities in the hospital and extensive damage to medical equipment estimated at millions of US Dollars.42

November 18: Following the evacuation of numerous individuals from the medical complex, the Israeli military deployed additional troops and tanks around the hospital, heightening the pressure on the remaining medical staff and patients. Disturbing reports surfaced concerning the dire working conditions faced by the medical teams. Dr. Faisal Siam, the head of orthopedic surgery at Al-Shifa, was visibly emotional during an interview with Al Jazeera as he described having to amputate all four limbs of a four-year-old girl who survived the bombings.43 The surgery took place in a hospital corridor without the use of anesthesia. Dr. Siam also disclosed that, aside from a few exceptional cases, surgical operations in the department had ceased, with efforts shifting solely to providing first aid and disinfecting wounds. The wounds of amputation patients were infested with maggots, and the medical staff found themselves helpless due to the lack of critical medical supplies.

November 19: After Al-Shifa’s prenatal unit ceased to function due to power outages within the complex, physicians had no choice but to evacuate the surviving premature newborns from their incubators, exposing them to immediate danger. Despite multiple relocation attempts, it was not until November 19 that the WHO and the Palestinian Red Cross successfully transferred them to Tal al-Sultan Hospital in

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Rafah.44 The subsequent day, they were transported to Egypt for medical treatment. With Al-Shifa crumbling due to a lack of vital resources such as clean water, fuel, medical supplies, food, and essential equipment, compounded by ongoing military attacks disrupting its operational capacity, it became crucial to evacuate everyone capable of leaving.

November 20: The Israeli military invited local and international media to the site to prove the existence of tunnels situated beneath the complex.

November 24: After medical staff at Al-Shifa requested to be securely evacuated along with patients and accompanying individuals, the WHO and the Palestinian Red Crescent executed a second evacuation mission involving 151 patients, their relatives, and healthcare workers.45 73 severely ill or injured patients were transported, including 18 undergoing dialysis, 26 with serious spinal injuries, 8 with severe chronic conditions, two requiring critical care, and 19 in wheelchairs. The patients were transferred in 14 ambulances provided and staffed by the Palestine Red Crescent, along with two buses with eight health workers and 70 relatives accompanying them. According to the WHO, the vehicles were held at a checkpoint for six hours, during which Israeli forces conducted searches on medical staff, patients, and their families. Three medical workers from the Palestinian Red Crescent and three Palestinian Ministry of Health employees, including Al-Shifa Director Muhammad Abu Salmiya, were arrested. Meanwhile, Israeli forces withdrew from the hospital’s buildings but maintained a presence in its vicinity.

November 27: After the withdrawal of the Israeli forces from the medical complex, the Palestinian Ministry of Health announced it had partially reactivated Al-Shifa’s dialysis unit. Kidney disease patients in the northern Gaza Strip were invited for treatment on Sundays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays.

44 evacuates-infants-from-al-shifa-hospital-in-gaza#:~:text=Hospital%20in%20Gaza-,WHO%2Dled%20 joint%20UN%20and%20Red%20Crescent%20mission%20evacuates%2031,Al%2DShifa%20Hospital%20 in%20Gaza&text=A%20second%20WHO%2Dled%20joint,a%20hospital%20in%20southern%20Gaza

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Gaps between the military’s claims and the presented evidence

Israel justified the extensive damage to Al-Shifa Hospital by alleging that Hamas had utilized the facility for military purposes. These assertions were intensively communicated to local and international media, as well as international institutions and global leaders seeking to minimize the harm being inflicted. Therefore, it is crucial to thoroughly scrutinize Israel’s claims regarding Hamas’ alleged use of the hospital, especially those presented by Israel’s military spokesperson, and examine which have been confirmed by an impartial party.

As early as October 27, Israel’s military spokesperson asserted the following: “We exposed Al-Shifa Hospital to the world, revealing the underground infrastructure and how Hamas cynically exploited it for terrorist activities. We exposed the truth, and we will continue to do so.”46 The Israeli military’s website published an article titled “Evidence of Hamas’ Terrorist Operations Inside Gaza’s Largest Hospital,” featuring illustrative images, recordings of calls, and photographs that have not been verified by a neutral professional body. Following the Israeli military’s invasion of the hospital, their initial claims regarding Hamas activities on the site were tempered, now asserting that “the main headquarters are likely not located under Al-Shifa, and senior Hamas leadership are not hiding there.”47

At the time of drafting this position paper, no professional and independent experts have been able to access the hospital premises to scrutinize the military’s assertions. Consequently, we have reviewed the investigations carried out by media and international human rights organizations. The Washington Post’s investigation, relying on

46 IDF Website, «Watch the IDF Spokesperson’s statement», October 27, 2023. https:// www.idf.il47 Sapir Lipkin, «Hundreds of Hamas terrorists below Al-Shifa; Headquarters apparently not there», N12, October 7, 2023. [Hebrew]


official sources, publicly available satellite images, and discussions with international law experts, led it to conclude that the evidence presented by Israel does not establish that Hamas utilized the hospital as a command-and-control center.48 The only direct evidence observed by journalists from various media organizations, including AP, the British Telegraph, and CNN, pertained to a tunnel beneath the hospital. Accompanied by the military, the journalists entered the tunnel and verified its existence. However, they were unable to validate the military’s assertions that the tunnel served as a Hamas control center. After journalists documented the tunnel, the military proceeded to detonate it, preventing international investigative bodies from inspecting it under professional and neutral conditions.

Israel’s claims regarding Al-Shifa Hospital did not originate in 2023. Similar allegations were made earlier, notably during Operation Cast Lead in 2008, when Shin Bet chief Yuval Diskin claimed that Hamas operatives were “hiding in hospitals, including Al-Shifa and a maternity hospital, with some of them wearing physician and nurse uniforms.”49 The hospital’s director at the time, Dr. Hassan Khalaf, refuted these allegations and expressed his concerns: “I genuinely hope that Diskin is not trying to lay the groundwork for a brutal assault on the hospitals. Such a move would be complete madness.”50 As Dr. Hassan anticipated, it seems that years of Israeli claims have laid the groundwork in both Israeli and global public opinion for the comprehensive attack on Al- Shifa observed in recent weeks.

Third-party testimonies by released hostages

Israeli hostages who have been released have substantiated the claim that Hamas allegedly holds hostages within hospitals, a charge the organization denies. For instance, Norlin Natalie Babdila reported that after 23 days in an apartment, she was moved to a designated area within Nasser Hospital in Khan Younis, where she encountered other

48 Loveluck, Hill, Baran, Ley & Nakashima, “The case of al-Shifa: Investigating the assault on Gaza’s largest hospital”, The Washington Post, December 21, 2023.
49 Daniel Adelson, «Gaza Hospital Director on Diskin’s Accusations: ‘Lies’,» Ynet, May 31, 2008. [Hebrew] 50 Ibid.



hostages. The same account was independently reiterated by Doron Katz Asher, another Israeli hostage: “It was a hospital room. I saw another family I know there, my mother’s neighbors… Eitan Yahalomi and Erez Calderon, two 12-year-old boys who were held alone throughout those sixteen days.”51 Since Babdila named the same hostages, it is to be assumed that they were both describing the same hospital. These testimonies indicate that Hamas did make use of some hospitals. However, this does not warrant the scale of destruction inflicted upon this or any other hospital, resulting in the effective decimation of Gaza’s healthcare system.

The significance of the disparities between the military’s assertions and the resulting destruction

Any military actions conducted by Hamas in tunnels beneath hospitals endanger the lives of patients and medical personnel, violate their special protection, and should be subject to investigation as a war crime. However, and this is an essential point in any discussion regarding the protection of healthcare facilities and personnel, it’s vital to emphasize that any harm inflicted upon a hospital directly affects human lives. This is due to the detrimental impact on individuals present within the facility and the compromised capacity of the hospital to provide treatment to others in need. The total devastation inflicted upon Al- Shifa Hospital, along with the harm to staff, patients, and displaced individuals, and the hospital’s diminished capacity to address the escalating medical needs during the assault on Gaza, unequivocally points to an intolerable disparity between the real and perceived threats attributed to the hospital by the Israeli military and their corresponding actions in response. This discrepancy should be investigated as a potential war crime.

Most of Gaza’s hospitals, particularly those in the northern region, have been targeted based on Israel’s assertions that they were harboring

51 Doron Katz Asher’s testimony on N12. 92812c6e6637c81027.htm?utm_sourceInstagram=&utm_medium=NewsChannelPageStory&partn er=NewsChannelInstagram [Hebrew]



Hamas infrastructure, with the Al-Rantisi and Kamal Adwan hospitals explicitly singled out.525354 Yet, in none of these instances was evidence provided to an impartial third party or subsequently verified by such.

The devastation in Gaza, partially examined in this position paper, has led to a humanitarian catastrophe that will persist even after the conclusion of the Israeli offensive. As noted by Palestinian physician Dr. Ghassan Abu-Sittah, Israel has established a reality in which the disaster perpetuates itself. The healthcare system and critical infrastructure required for maintaining adequate sanitation and hygiene conditions have been obliterated, transforming Gaza into an inhospitable and deadly environment. This guarantees that those who evacuated under Israeli military orders will find no place to return, and those still remaining will be forced to leave.

Given the utter destruction inflicted upon Gaza’s healthcare system and the resultant loss of human lives, it is insufficient to merely demand proof that the hospitals have forfeited their protected status. We must also inquire: what evidence, if any, could rationalize such a catastrophic military offensive? How could such an attack ever be deemed proportional? The destruction of Al-Shifa provides an opportunity to examine Israel’s assault on Gaza’s hospitals within the

52 An article published on the IDF Website under the headline «Evidence that Hamas has turned hospitals into terror machines» includes documentation of a military operation that revealed the existence of combat supplies in the hospital›s basement.

54 IDF Website, «From the hospitalization ward to the basements: how Hamas turned Gaza’s hospitals into terror hubs.» undated.


framework of international humanitarian law and substantiate the need for an investigation into potential war crimes.

Analysis and conclusions

Throughout fifty-six years of Israeli military occupation and sixteen years of blockade, the healthcare system in Gaza has sustained persistent damage. Israel has impeded its development, enforced strict restrictions on medical training, and limited the movement of patients and healthcare personnel for decades. Military offensives in 2009, 2012, 2014, and 2021, along with substantial damage during the 2018-2019 Great March of Return protests, have directly impacted health facilities and personnel, overwhelming an already fragile healthcare system with thousands of wounded individuals.5556

However, since October 7, we have observed unprecedented levels of Israeli military aggression, marked by a deliberate and systematic assault on medical facilities that has led to the total destruction of Gaza’s healthcare system. Only four of northern Gaza’s 24 hospitals remain partially operational. The hospitals in southern Gaza are overwhelmed by the vast number of injured and ill patients. According to the WHO, the number of hospital beds in Gaza has decreased from 3,500 to approximately 1,400. Concurrently, there has been a surge in the number of individuals seeking care in hospitals. At the same time, Israel persists in preventing the entry of essential medical supplies and crucial fuel for the healthcare system’s operations. Despite over 50,000 wounded patients in need of locally unavailable treatment, Israel continues to restrict their ability to leave Gaza for medical care in other countries.

Israel asserts it has evidence that Hamas is utilizing Gaza’s medical facilities for military purposes, thus forfeiting their right to protection. However, for 34 out of the 35 health facilities in Gaza, no neutral and independent body has confirmed these claims of military activity. Even if it were proven that Hamas used some medical facilities for military

55 Microsoft Word – short version report_PDFversion_.doc ( 56 PHRI_Report_Gaza-2014.pdf

page24image33288592 page24image33288800 page24image33289008


operations, the extensive destruction caused by Israel raises concerns that it is strategically undermining Gaza’s healthcare system to impair Gazan society’s capacity to exist. As demonstrated in this position paper, in the case of Al-Shifa Hospital, Gaza’s largest, although the existence of a tunnel within its grounds has been confirmed, Israel’s claims that it served as a Hamas control center could not be verified.

Israel bears the responsibility of providing evidence for every instance of its assault on a medical facility. It must furnish substantial evidence justifying the extensive and systematic harm inflicted upon Gaza’s healthcare system. This entails demonstrating that military activities have occurred in each facility and implicating the entire healthcare system in these actions.

In addition to directly targeting medical facilities, Israel has impeded the entry of crucial humanitarian supplies, restricted access to clean water, detained and killed healthcare workers, disrupted communications, and damaged infrastructure and roads. These actions have established an untenable reality in which the substantial rise in the number of wounded individuals and the acute public health crisis are confronted with a paralyzed healthcare system.

Medical facilities receive special protection under international humanitarian law and the laws of armed conflict for a crucial reason: even minor damage to a hospital can result in the loss of numerous lives. Consequently, even issuing an order to evacuate staff and patients should be regarded as a last resort. Each unaddressed violation of the protected status of hospitals and health facilities, coupled with the failure to demand accountability from the perpetrator or entity causing disproportionate destruction, undermines the safeguarding of health facilities in armed conflicts worldwide.

As the occupying power, Israel is obligated to guarantee the continuous operation of health facilities in Gaza and to protect medical personnel, the ill, and the wounded. Instead, Israel’s assaults and blockade have led to the imminent collapse of Gaza’s healthcare system at a time when it is most essential for the survival of thousands of wounded and sick individuals.


Mere expressions of concern and condemnations from the international and medical communities fall short. Decisive actions are imperative to avert the complete devastation of the healthcare system in Gaza. The Israeli military must promptly, comprehensively, and conclusively lift the blockade, permitting the entry of essential supplies such as medicines, medical equipment, fuel, food, and clean water. Halting any additional harm to medical facilities is crucial to enable them to address the needs of the ill and the tens of thousands injured by Israeli bombings. Additionally, Israel’s extensive and systematic damage to Gaza’s healthcare system must be investigated as a potential war crime.

Writing and editing: Lama Bakri, Hadas Ziv, Guy Shalev and Ghada Majadli

The information provided in this document was collected from various sources, including global health and human rights bodies like the World Health Organization, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and Human Rights Watch. Additionally, valuable insights were acquired through dialogues with healthcare professionals working in the Gaza Strip.

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last data moh gaza

* 🇵🇸 Ministero della Salute di Gaza*
*Rapporto statistico quotidiano sul numero di martiri e feriti a seguito dell’aggressione israeliana in corso nella Striscia di Gaza per il 138° giorno*
▪️ L’occupazione israeliana ha commesso 11 massacri contro famiglie nella Striscia di Gaza, provocando 118 martiri e 163 feriti nelle ultime 24 ore.
▪️ Numerose vittime sono ancora sotto le macerie e sulle strade, e l’occupazione impedisce alle ambulanze e alle squadre della protezione civile di raggiungerle.
▪️Il bilancio dell’aggressione israeliana è salito a 29.313 martiri e 69.333 feriti dal 7 ottobre scorso.
Ministero della Sanità palestinese
Striscia di Gaza
21 febbraio 2024
L’occupazione usa l’arma della fame contro il nostro popolo a Gaza per realizzare il genocidio.
La comunità internazionale ha fallito miseramente nel proteggere i diritti umani nella Striscia di Gaza.
La malnutrizione è una delle cose più pericolose che devono affrontare i residenti della Striscia di Gaza, soprattutto i bambini
L’occupazione insiste nel non fornire aiuti in modo che il sistema sanitario rimanga al collasso

Paola Manduca, Prof.ssa Genetica
Presidente NWRG-odv
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War on Gaza: Why I resigned from my European crisis-response role

War on Gaza: Why I resigned from my European crisis-response role

I can no longer work on a donor’s crisis response in one country, while they enable a crisis in another. With an imminent disastrous offensive on Rafah in the offing, there is an urgency for members of NGOs with donor partnerships to take immediate action.

Rarely in modern history have explicit war crimes been given backing by supposed democracies. But in attempting to provide a pretence of deniability to a disinterested ally, whose intention to commit war crimes and collective punishment has been explicitly and repeatedly declared, leading western governments – including the EU, which cited Israel’s right to self-defence without condemning its policy of indiscriminate bombardment of Palestinians – have proven almost more defensive of Israel than Tel Aviv has itself.

In any other context, such statements would be assessed as the type of rhetoric that typically accompanies genocide.

Israel is not being “singled out”, as its western backers accuse its opponents of doing. Rather, there are clear commonalities in the nature of violence deployed by the “Arab winter” regimes and Israel in Gaza – and both have been enabled by international powers under the justification of the “war on terror”.

While the support for Israel’s actions are far more unabashed in nature, this complicity was nonetheless also perhaps seen most evidently in Syria, where a ”Distancing to Protect” (D2P) model proved highly effective in concealing an extensive record of complicity in another possible genocide.

Just a decade after misleading the world about the existence of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) in Iraq to justify an externally imposed regime change, here the US government went in the opposite direction. Washington falsely proclaimedthat the Syrian regime was disposing of its WMDs, precisely to avoid the thorny issue of regime change, noting that at the outbreak of the Arab Spring uprising in Syria in 2011, the US and Syria were engaged in an extensive normalisation process, part of which included Syrian-Israeli peace negotiations.

When evidence of continued WMD use in Syria emerged, it was not only obfuscated and potentially concealed by the Obama Administration, but US military support was quietly provided to help the Syrian regime capture areas where chemical weapons had allegedly been used not long before.

Meanwhile, the main US ground allies in the war against the Islamic State supported the Syrian regime in key campaigns, while western powers, including the US and UK, reportedly shared intelligence with Damascus (as well as meeting officials). Ultimately, US policy enabled the Syrian government to deploy its airforce internally for possibly longer than any other actor in the history of civil war.

Undeclared war

The aftermath of the Arab winter paved the way for western powers, led by the US, to pursue a series of normalisation deals at the weakest moment for Palestinians and the Arab world. This took place on the wreckage of entire countries and popular spirits, exploiting a message of counter-revolutionary deterrence; it is no coincidence that the UAE and Bahrain normalised relations simultaneously with the Assad regime and Israel.

This policy was not only cynical, but was reckless – to both Arabs and Jews.

Yet in truth, this gaslighting-infused disregard is part of a wider posture of undeclared war. The purpose of undeclared wars is, in part, to provide powerful states with the ability to act with impunity and be safe from retribution. Such wars are immoral, whether conducted by state or non-state actors.

Many people reject the attempts by our region’s deformed regimes to violate the rights of their citizenries by pointing at Israel, just as they reject Israel’s historical and ongoing violations of Palestinians’ rights to freedom, security and liberty. Unfortunately, in both of these tasks, we face not only the resistance of those regimes, but that of their international and western backers, who stack up the odds by helping to sustain them.

Stopping my work on crisis response in a region that is dear to me was not one I took lightly. In effect, those of us, especially from the region, who work in such positions are presented with stark terms: Accept the decimation of one part of your community in one country, to be able to work on crisis response for another part of your community in another nation.

How to respond to this proposition can be difficult, especially in areas where the outcome can potentially result in interruptions to programming that benefits vulnerable demographics. But while it can also take strength and courage to swallow misgivings with donors in the interests of the greater good, I believe that there are certain moments in history when events reach a threshold.

If this is not the moment for action by those who can afford it, then there is no moment for it. At this historical time, the NGO sector cannot be paralysed by timidity and fear of donor punishment.

On a personal level, it has become difficult to avoid the conclusion that attempts at institutional engagement have reached the end of the road. The undeclared war is escalating to this day, with even the slow and incremental advances brought by two decades of engagement from the dark days of the early “war on terror” being threatened by a return to a post-9/11 posture.

We cannot allow western “guilt-washing” to take place through the slaughter of Palestinians facing extermination in Gaza, or through a crackdown on the civil liberties of Arab and Muslim diaspora communities. There can be no more squaring of the circle, and it can no longer be business as usual.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Omar Sabbour is an Egyptian analyst who served as a team lead of external consultants advising donors on their crisis response in conflict zones. He has previously been published in the Guardian, New Statesman, New Arab, Open Democracy, and New Politics.
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L’ospedale Nasser ha centinaia di operatori sanitari e pazienti e poche centinaia di rifugiati che sono intrappolati.

Oggi le autorità governative di Gaza informano:

Oggi siamo stati contattati dalle Nazioni Unite, che sono state informate dagli israeliani che le forze israeliane stanno pianificando di assaltare l’ospedale Naser a Khan Younis, il che significa un nuovo massacro come l’ospedale di Shifa.

L’ospedale Naser, il secondo ospedale più grande della Striscia di Gaza dopo l’ospedale Shifa, è stato assediato nelle ultime 3 settimane, molti sfollati e personale medico sono stati uccisi dai cecchini, l’ospedale ha negato qualsiasi rifornimento.

Questa operazione significa un nuovo massacro contro il nostro popolo e il sistema sanitario, nonostante le DECISIONI dell’ICG e tutti gli appelli internazionali per fermare questo GENOCIDIO.

Mettiamo in guardia contro questo passo e chiediamo un intervento internazionale per fermare questi massacri e questo non serve ad allentare la situazione .

L’ospedale Nasser è stato attaccato più di una volta in questi mesi, ricorderete il caso di un missile sparato (e grazie a Dio inesploso) nel reparto di terapia intensiva neonatale, che tuttavia ha tolto la vita ad una ragazzina di 14 anni, rimasta orfana e amputata. ….
Nasser è sotto assedio da 2 settimane, bombarda tutto intorno e grazie all’ambiente circostante e i cecchini hanno sparato all’interno e ucciso persone nei giorni precedenti e ieri hanno rotto il muro del lato nord
Il DF ha ordinato l’evacuazione (dove e come non è stato definito), ma nonostante ciò ,
ieri qualcuno ha tentato di seguire la direttiva dell’IDF di lasciare l’ospedale ed è stato colpito da colpi di arma da fuoco (aljazeera).
Informare le Nazioni Unite tramite l’IDF oggi è solo una foglia di fico o uno scherzo, non viene offerta alcuna evacuazione sicura o destinazione sicura . E soprattutto… perché mai un’altra struttura sanitaria, tutelata dalle leggi internazionali, dovrebbe essere comunque attaccata ?

abbiamo visto accadere la stessa cosa , con varianti procedurali ma essenzialmente per portare la struttura a chiudere e infliggere punizioni al personale e ai pazienti, già più di 30 volte .

possiamo impedire questo e il prossimo…l’ospedale europeo, l’unico ospedale di grandi dimensioni rimasto in tutta Gaza???

o almeno proporre un argomento che abbia un peso per l’opinione pubblica e i nostri governi?
NWRG suggerisce

prima… manda la notizia alla stampa

secondo unisciti alla campagna degli operatori sanitari in ogni paese e partecipa alle manifestazioni

il terzo ne scrive sulla stampa principale, su quella di nicchia, sui muri

Ma fatelo adesso, la gente muore anche per mancanza di servizi medici, a frotte, feriti o no!

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‘This is a war on birth’: how one US organization helps pregnant Palestinians from afar

As the war worsens, Safe Birth in Palestine Project finds holes in the system to bring women aid – and tries to stay hopefu

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Il collasso del sistema sanitario di Gaza indica l’intenzione di genocidio”: il paper internazionale di medici e ricercatori

Alle voci che si alzano a livello internazionale per chiedere il cessate il fuoco e il termine dell’offensiva militare israeliana nella Striscia di Gaza si unisce un nutrito team di medici e scienziati che hanno redatto un paper intitolato “Sul dovere internazionale di proteggere la popolazione di Gaza, come il collasso del sistema sanitario indica l’intenzione di genocidio”.
Il dettagliato documento è stato redatto a fine gennaio da una ventina di medici e ricercatori di calibro internazionale ed è attualmente in revisione al Journal of Public Health and Emergency, autorevole rivista scientifica specializzata in analisi su sanità pubblica ed emergenze sanitarie.

Nel testo gli autori affrontano la questione da un punto di vista strettamente sanitario, utilizzando il termine “genocidio” perché ritengono il deterioramento del sistema sanitario a Gaza non sia un “effetto collaterale”, ma un atto deliberato per infliggere danni massicci alla popolazione. Un attacco sistematico e intenzionale contro un gruppo di persone, e nel contesto specifico, attraverso la negazione dei diritti alla salute e alla sopravvivenza. “Attacchi militari e bombardamenti degli ospedali, assedio e occupazione delle strutture sanitarie, privazione di carburante e forniture mediche, cibo e acqua, uccisione del personale e detenzioni indiscriminate”. Nell’articolo scientifico la conta delle vittime degli attacchi al sistema sanitario al 22 gennaio: 374 tra medici e infermieri uccisi e 99 sanitari arrestati per non aver obbedito agli ordini di evacuazioneA parlarne al Fatto è la dottoressa Paola Manduca, prima firmataria del report che attinge dai dati riportati dalle organizzazioni sanitarie attive ai confini della Striscia di Gaza e dalle testimonianze di colleghi con i quali gli autori hanno collaborato in anni di cooperazione internazionale. “Rispetto a quando abbiamo consegnato il lavoro, la situazione è ulteriormente peggiorata – spiega – Oggi nella Striscia di Gaza funziona solo un ospedale rispetto ai 36 originariamente attivi, a metà gennaio le strutture ancora attive erano tre. A ciò si aggiunge la sospensione dei fondi per l’Agenzia dell’Onu per i rifugiati palestinesi (Unwra), unica organizzazione in grado di confrontarsi adeguatamente con l’enorme emergenza umanitaria in corso”

Tra gli autori Alice Rothchild, già dottoressa e docente all’Harvard Medical School e attivista di Jewish Voice for Peace (organizzazione ebraica che promuove una soluzione equa e pacifica al conflitto israelo-palestinese), Alan Meyers, professore emerito in pediatria a Boston e Derek Summerfield del King’s College di Londra. Molti i medici italiani coinvolti, tra i quali il cardiochirurgo infantile Vincenzo Stefano Luisi, che da anni coordina le missioni umanitarie italiane a Gaza con il Palestine Children’s Relief fund e Gianni Tognoni della Fondazione Lelio Basso. “Attaccare la sanità pubblica in ogni suo aspetto (strutture, approvvigionamenti, personale) in modo cosi violento, deliberato e pervasivo – è la tesi esposta del documento – è un crimine che ha come conseguenza potenziale la morte di un’intera popolazione”.

Tra gli elementi sottolineati nell’articolo in peer-review, “le unità di terapia intensiva neonatale e i reparti maternità negli ospedali che sono stati tra i primi obiettivi militari di ogni attacco agli ospedali. Delle circa 180 donne che partoriscono ogni giorno pochissime riescono a ricevere assistenza e non funziona alcuna unità di terapia intensiva neonatale”. Stando alle testimonianze raccolte, il personale sanitario continua a lavorare “come può”, ma l’ingresso di aiuto professionale dall’esterno è fortemente limitato. Per questo, come riferito anche dai medici che hanno portato in Italia i primi pazienti rifugiati, molte operazioni urgenti avvengono senza anestesiae strumentazione adeguata. Così gli ospedali diventano sovraffollati luoghi di asilo per gli sfollati: “Il personale che ha deciso di non accettare l’evacuazione riesce a salvare delle vite – spiega ancora Manduca – ma l’obiezione all’evacuazione li espone al rischio di ulteriori attacchi da parte dell’esercito israeliano”.Il testo scientifico descrive ulteriori dettagli dell’emergenza sanitaria: “Molte ferite, divenute incurabili, rischiano l’infezione, rendendo le amputazioni una drammatica ma necessaria scelta per preservare la vita”. Viene evidenziata la mancanza di assistenza medica essenziale: “Non sono stati forniti farmaci ai pazienti affetti da malattie croniche, lasciando senza trattamento 1200 pazienti in dialisi, inclusi 45 bambini. Tutti i farmaci e le attrezzature terapeutiche sono filtrati ai varchi e non raggiungono gli ospedali. L’attacco diretto alle ambulanze da parte dell’esercito ha ridotto la disponibilità di questo servizio vitale, mentre si registra un aumento esponenziale di malattie contagiose, anemia, diabete e ipertensione, patologie già diffuse a Gaza e aggravate dalla scarsità di medicinali”. Questo crollo del sistema sanitario trova conferma anche nei report dall’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità del 21 dicembre e del 15 gennaio, nei quali viene sottolineato come il “sistema sanitario vicino al collasso” si combina dalla “grave malnutrizione” generata dal conflitto, creando una crisi umanitaria senza precedenti. “In queste condizioni – conclude Manduca – ci prendiamo la responsabilità di utilizzare il termine genocidio perché la vita di quasi un quarto della popolazione civile di Gaza è a rischio”.


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*A daily update for the Israeli ongoing aggression on Gaza– February 3* *Day 120 of the Israeli genocidal war*…

The aggression on Gaza:
o The death & injured toll:
▪ The Palestinian death toll from the ongoing Israeli aggression has exceeded 27.238, of which 75% are children, women and elderly people. (+11.500 children, 8.000 women and 1.049 elderly people).
▪ More than 7.000 Palestinians are still under the rubble of the destroyed homes including over 5.000 children.
▪ The number of injured people has exceeded 66.452 most of them children and women according to the Health Ministry.
▪ More than 2.296 massacres against Palestinian families by bombing their homes while they were still inside.
▪ 471 people killed in the massacre of bombing the Al-Ahli Baptist Hospital on October 17.
▪ +45 members of the civil defense rescue teams killed while on duty.
▪ The death toll includes 152 UNRWA staff killed by the Israeli occupation army, and 26 others injured.
o The Israeli arrests of Palestinians from Gaza:
The Israeli army conducted arrests and forcible disappearance to around 2,500 Palestinians from Gaza, as they are held in unknown locations. Images and videos by the Israeli occupation soldiers showed how they arrested hundreds of Palestinians after forcing them to strip off their clothes.
Feb 03, 2024
*Official website – Hamas movement*
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Il patrimonio millenario di Gaza cancellato dalle bombe

Gli attacchi israeliani sulla Striscia hanno causato una strage di civili e la distruzione della storia, dell’arte e della cultura del popolo palestinese. È stata colpita l’ìdentità culturale palestinese: in macerie antiche moschee, monasteri, musei, siti archeologici, biblioteche, centri culturali

In questi terribili mesi di massacri e distruzione ho cercato con ansia, e whatsapp, amiche e amici di Gaza. Ho trovato Nashwa Alramlawi, giovane archeologa e architetta. Adesso, come quasi due milioni di persone, sfollata al sud. L’avevo incontrata più volte a Gaza, dal 2016, mentre dirigeva un cantiere di restauro del Monastero di San Giorgio, a Deir El Balah, che ho poi visto diventare una biblioteca e spazio giochi per bambini.

Nashwa, Fadel e il Monastero di St. Hylarion

Ero spesso a Gaza per seguire lo svolgimento di progetti di Cultura è Libertà con il Conservatorio nazionale di musica Edward Said e mi aveva colpito l’amore dei suoi abitanti per la musica, per l’arte, per la cultura. Ero sorpresa da ragazzi che improvvisavano un concerto sulle macerie del grande teatro Meshal, distrutto pochi giorni prima da missili israeliani.

Nel 2019 Nashwa mi accompagnò a visitare il grande sito di restauro del monastero di St. Hilarion (Umm El-Amr), del V/VI sec. d.C., in riva al mare, scoperto nel 1997 da Jean-Baptiste Humbert della Scuola biblica e archeologica francese di Gerusalemme, oggi 84 enne. Ricordo la meraviglia dei mosaici, il cui restauro era diretto da un archeologo francese, studenti e studentesse al lavoro. Il direttore dei lavori, Fadel, entusiasta archeologo, diceva che Gaza è piena di siti archeologici, difficili da restaurare, perché servono molti soldi. Ci disse anche che, per il monastero, ci sarebbero voluti ancora due anni di lavoro, aggiungendo «… con la speranza che Israele non ci faccia cadere qualche bomba». Ma le bombe sono cadute anche lì, al momento con danni non gravissimi; il monastero è stato inserito nella lista dei siti Unesco da proteggere.
Il 23 gennaio 2024 in un incontro online Fadel ha detto: «Avrei bisogno di giorni per parlare di tutta la distruzione dei siti archeologici a cui stiamo assistendo. Stiamo documentando ogni forma di attacco su questi siti». «L’archeologia di Gaza è una testimonianza della tolleranza religiosa e della cultura umana condivisa. Non ho pianto tanto per la distruzione della mia casa quanto per la completa distruzione della Città Vecchia di Gaza».

Le parole di Nashwa e Fadel mi hanno spinto a cercare informazioni sulla sorte del patrimonio culturale di Gaza. Qualche articolo, un rapporto del dr. Ahmed Al-Barsh per due Ong e uno del Ministero della Cultura palestinese fanno luce su questo aspetto della enorme sofferenza inflitta da Israele alla popolazione di Gaza: la perdita del patrimonio culturale, parte del “memoricidio” denunciato dal coraggioso storico israeliano Ilan Pappè (La pulizia etnica della Palestina, Fazi Ed.).

Il patrimonio culturale rappresenta infatti una componente essenziale dell’identità del Popolo palestinese, la sua conservazione è parte della sua resistenza. I numerosi siti archeologici ed edifici antichi sono testimonianze delle culture, costumi e tradizioni delle popolazioni che hanno abitato questa regione nel corso dei secoli

Una storia antica

La Striscia di Gaza ha una posizione geografica strategica, come porta di collegamento tra Asia, Africa, Europa, che l’ha resa nei secoli attraente e appetibile, con una fiorente città delle spezie.
Secondo le Lettere di Tell el-Amarna risalenti al 1402-1347 a.C., era chiamata “Gazatu” e “Gazata”, una delle tre principali regioni di Canaan. Quando lo stato faraonico iniziò a declinare verso la fine del XII secolo a.C., arrivò il popolo palestinese. Gaza era una delle loro città chiave e alla fine si fusero con la popolazione indigena araba cananea. Gaza, che significa “forza”, fu chiamata così dagli Assiri, arrivati con il re Tiglat-Pileser III nel 734 a.C, che la fortificò. Poi venne Nabucodonosor con i Babilonesi e nel 529 a.C. resistette sotto la guida del persiano “Cambyz”. Nel 332 a.C. fu assediata da Alessandro Magno per due mesi, guadagnandosi il titolo di “Città dei Profumi”
La diffusione del cristianesimo a Gaza City durante il V secolo d.C. fu attribuita a un religioso denominato “Perfereus”. Monasteri e chiese proliferarono diffusamente. Nel febbraio del 634 d.C., la città di Gaza fu conquistata dal capo arabo musulmano Amr ibn al-As e vi vennero fondate moschee. Gaza raggiunse il suo apice durante l’era mamelucca. Nel 1516, i turchi ottomani presero il controllo della città, dove fondarono moschee, scuole, mercati, palazzi. Tra il 1916 e il 1917, – nel corso dello scontro tra gli alleati guidati dagli inglesi e le truppe ottomane – venne quasi completamente distrutta, ma ricostruita negli anni successivi.

La sua storia millenaria ha lasciato i segni di tante civiltà: dei Cananei, Egizi, Filistei, Assiri, Greci, Asmonei, Romani, Bizantini, Arabi, Fatimidi, Crociati, Ayubbidi, Mamelucchi, Crociati, Ottomani, fino agli inglesi (1920-48).
Dopo la fondazione dello Stato di Israele, nel 1948, Gaza passò all’Egitto, e venne occupata da Israele nel 1967. In quei decenni accolse decine di migliaia di profughi palestinesi costretti a lasciare le proprie case a causa della Nakba (catastrofe), poi della Naksa (ricaduta). Con l’espansione degli insediamenti il patrimonio culturale subì molte distruzioni.

Il patrimonio architettonico

Il patrimonio architettonico totale nel Governatorato di Gaza ammonta a 195 siti, il 60% del patrimonio architettonico complessivo della Striscia di Gaza.
Le dimore storiche ne rappresentano oltre la metà. Seguono colline e siti archeologici (39 colline), 21 moschee e luoghi di preghiera, 13 santuari e zawiya, 22 edifici di valore, 9 cimiteri, monasteri e 5 chiese, 5 palazzi, 4 mercati, 2 khan e 2 asbat, 1 fontana e 1 hammam, Al Samra.

Sono stati distrutti completamente, la Chiesa Bizantina a Jabaliya e la ortodossa Chiesa di San Porfirio, la terza chiesa più antica del mondo e uno dei più antichi monumenti archeologici cristiani, 407 d.C., nel bombardamento sono stati uccisi 18 fedeli; la moschea di Omari (Jabaliya); Sheikh Shaaban Mosque; Al-Zafar Dmari Mosque (Shuja’iya); Maqam Khaleel Al-Rahman (Abasan); il Centro per Manoscritti e documenti antichi; Anthedon, antico porto ellenistico. Sono stati danneggiati: Monastero St. Hilarion; Cimitero inglese; Moschea di Omar a Gaza, con minareto distrutto; Pasha Palace esempio unico di antichi palazzi; Al-Zawya Mercato storico centenario e l’hammam di Al Samra, il più antico e unico rimasto a Gaza.

Il patrimonio umano

La comunità artistica di Gaza costituiva un elemento vitale della società palestinese e della sua resilienza; oggi lottano per sopravvivere. Dobbiamo al Rapporto del Ministero della Cultura Palestinese le informazioni su questa distruzione
Tra le 26mila vittime della ferocia genocidaria di Israele (v. il procedimento aperto all’Aja), ci sono 41 scrittori, artisti, musicisti, donne e uomini di tutte le età. Dalle bambine di 8 anni come Sham Abu Ubaid e Leila Abdel Fattah Al-Atresh del Champions Palestinian Folk Dance Group agli anziani come Ilham Farah (84 anni) insegnante di musica, Abdul Karim Hashash, 76 anni scrittore custode del patrimonio culturale e collezionista di libri rari; Mustafa Hassani Mahmoud Al-Sawaf (68 anni), scrittore e giornalista; Salim Mustafa Al-Naffar, poeta anni 60. E tanti giovani: Lubna Aliyan giovanissima suonatrice di oud al Conservatorio Edward Said; Marwan Tarazi fotografo e storico; Tala Mohamed Balousha (17 anni) componente del gruppo Asayel Watan Folk Dance; Heba Ghazi Zaqqout artista visiva 39 anni; Heba Abu Nada scrittrice e poeta 24 anni; Omar Abu Shaweesh poeta (36 anni); Enas Mohammed Al-Saqa (53 anni) pioniera del teatro a Gaza; Yusuf Dawas artista e chitarrista “We Are Not Numbers”; Nesma Abu Sha’ira (36 anni) artista visiva; Iman Khalid Abu Saeed, lavoro culturale con bambini raccolta e pulitura di conchiglie e creazione di oggetti decorativi per case; Muhannad Amin Al-Agha (30 anni) calligrafo; Mohammed Al-Salik artista di teatro…

E non possiamo non ricordare l’eccidio di 122 giornalisti/e, unica coraggiosa fonte di informazione sul campo, avendo Israele vietato l’accesso alla stampa internazionale. Alcuni di loro hanno documentato tragicamente i loro ultimi momenti e le terribili esperienze vissute sotto i bombardamenti. Inoltre, gli attacchi aerei hanno portato alla distruzione di numerose istituzioni di media, tra cui la Mashareq Gaza Media Foundation, la sede del canale Al-Mayadeen e la Torre Al-Jalaa, che ospitava gli uffici di Al-Jazeera e dell’Associated Press (AP).

Testimoni dell’amore per la cultura

L’amore per l’arte e la cultura della popolazione di Gaza, è testimoniata dalla partecipazione annuale di circa 220mila persone in 76 centri registrati, 3 teatri, 80 biblioteche pubbliche; 15 librerie, case editrici, di distribuzione. Avevo visitato nel 2018 la sorprendente biblioteca Edward Said, creata dall’allora 24enne Mozab Abu Toha e alimentata da libri inviati da tutto il mondo. Mozab è riuscito fortunosamente, dopo essere stato sequestrato dall’esercito israeliano, ad uscire da Gaza. Della sua biblioteca non si conosce la sorte, come incerta è quella del Centro di scambio culturale italia-Palestina Vittorio Arrigoni.

Si sa invece che sono stati totalmente o parzialmente distrutti 24 centri culturali, 5 grandi biblioteche pubbliche, 11 musei, librerie, case editrici, monumenti storici, murales artistici, alcuni maqamat (santuari).

Qualche esempio: il Villaggio delle arti e artigianato, istituito nel 1998 e gestito dal Comune di Gaza, con stanze per il ricamo, la lavorazione del legno, antiche opere in rame. L’esercito israeliano ne ha utilizzato le strutture durante la sua invasione. L’ Arab Orthodox Cultural and Social Center; Rashad Al-Shawwa Cultural Center completamente distrutto; l’Unione generale dei centri di beni culturali, fondata nel 1997: 67 istituzioni culturali affiliate e più di 120 organizzazioni partner.
Il Centro per la cultura e le arti di Gaza, noto per il Red Carpet Film Festival; la Fondazione “Nawa” per la Cultura e Arti. Enorme perdita quella degli Archivi centrali nell’edificio storico del Comune di Gaza, bombardato. Contenevano documenti di oltre un secolo, memoria politica, economica, sociale e culturale della città; il Conservatorio nazionale musicale Edward Said, bombardato.

Il Conservatorio bombardato


Neanche le scuole e le Università sono state risparmiate: Al-Azhar; l’Università Islamica, di cui è stato ucciso il rettore Dr. Soufyan Tayeh con la sua famiglia; l’amato prof. Rafat Al-Ara’eer, scrittore poeta professore di letteratura inglese, uno dei fondatori di “We Are Not Numbers”; l’ Università Al-Aqsa e Al- Quds Open University.

Ed è solo di pochi giorni fa il raid di militari israeliani nel deposito archeologico di Gaza, supervisionato dalla Scuola francese di archeologia, condannato dal Ministero del Turismo e dell’Archeologia. «Contiene migliaia di importanti reperti rinvenuti durante gli scavi archeologici negli ultimi anni, che rappresentano una parte importante della storia di Gaza e Palestina in generale. L’assalto al deposito archeologico di Gaza da parte dell’occupazione israeliana è una grave violazione del patrimonio palestinese, viola le convenzioni internazionali come la quarta convenzione di Ginevra del 1949, la convenzione dell’Aia del 1954 sulla protezione dei beni culturali nell’evento del conflitto armato e i suoi protocolli (1954 e 1999), e la Convenzione del 1970 sulle misure da adottare per vietare e prevenire l’importazione, l’esportazione e il trasporto di proprietà illegali di beni culturali, e la Dichiarazione mondiale dell’Unesco del 2001 sulla protezione della diversità culturale».
Il ministero ha chiesto a tutte le istituzioni e organizzazioni internazionali guidate dall’Unesco di intervenire immediatamente per fermare l’aggressione e proteggere il patrimonio nazionale palestinese, che fa parte del patrimonio dell’umanità, affermando che questi atti sono un crimine di guerra secondo gli accordi internazionali.
La dichiarazione del Ministero ha confermato che centinaia di siti e monumenti sono stati distrutti durante l’aggressione, indicando che l’occupazione è un metodo passato per distruggere il patrimonio palestinese, «considerato testimone del diritto del nostro popolo a questa terra, che fa parte dell’identità culturale del popolo palestinese».

Le “selvagge” distruzioni dei Talebani in Afghanistan, i Buddha di Bamyan, e quelle di Daesh in Siria, Palmira, sono state esecrate dal mondo “civile” e hanno avuto l’attenzione delle Istituzioni preposte. Qualcuno denuncia le distruzioni di Israele in Gaza e ha a cuore il suo patrimonio culturale?

Silenzio per Gaza

 Non è la città più raffinata, né la più grande, ma equivale alla storia di una nazione.
Perché, agli occhi dei nemici, è la più ripugnante, la più povera, la più disgraziata,
la più feroce di tutti noi.
Perché è la più abile a guastare l’umore e il riposo del nemico ed è il suo incubo.
Perché è arance esplosive, bambini senza infanzia, vecchi senza vecchiaia, donne senza desideri.
Proprio perché è tutte queste cose, lei è la più bella, la più pura, la più ricca, la più degna d’amore tra tutti noi. (Mahmoud Darwish, da Silenzio per Gaza1973)



Report on the Impact of the Recent War in 2023 on the Cultural Heritage in Gaza Strip – Palestine
dr. Ahmed Al Barsh per ONG: con ANSCH – The Arab Network of civil society Organisations for the safeguard of cultural heritage

The Third Preliminary Report on the Cultural Sector’s Damages of Palestine Ministry of Culture
The War on the Gaza Strip October 7, 2023 – January 7, 2024


Francesco Bandarin, Il giornale dell’arte 11/12/24; Olivia Snaije, New Lines Mag 25/1/24
Ray Bondin, FB: Gaza an incredible heritage


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film da vedere a cui ci si puo linkare dal sito di codepink, femministe americane per la pace e giustizia

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Ancora un ricordo ritardato, questa volta della signora Aloni, liberata a novembre e intervistata dalla CNN.

Questa reminiscenza arriva proprio quando sembra che l’IDF stia lavorando per preparare le condizioni per attaccare l’ultimo ospedale con una certa capacità a Gaza, l’al Nasser a Kan Younes.
Che l’ospedale Nasser fosse un obiettivo dell’IDF è emerso da qualche tempo di recente poiché stanno bombardando intorno e vicino ad esso, hanno distrutto parte delle strade di accesso e bombardato le abitazioni civili adiacenti, uccidendo nel frattempo un certo numero di persone.
Nasser è l’ultimo ospedale di Kan Younes con una certa capacità in posti letto e competenze, anche se a Rafah esistono ancora poche strutture, più o meno circondate e comunque con capacità minore e ridotta.
Nel frattempo le strutture della Mezzaluna Rossa Palestinese in Kentucky sono state gravemente colpite: riviste, ambulanze e l’ospedale di al Amal.
L’IDF ha colpito due volte l’ospedale da campo giordano (e ha negato di averlo fatto) che stava anche fornendo energia ad al Nasser.
I bombardamenti dell’IDF intorno all’area dei condomini dell’ospedale al Nasser hanno danneggiato anche le strade, rendendo più difficile per le persone e le ambulanze raggiungere e spaventando i rifugiati che si stavano rifugiando intorno all’ospedale.
L’ospedale Nasser è stato colpito direttamente, come nel caso di altri ospedali per quanto riguarda la terapia intensiva neonatale. Il missile non esplose, quindi i danni strutturali furono limitati, ma una ragazza, rimasta orfana di guerra e amputata, rimase uccisa.
Questo crescendo ti ricorda qualcosa?
dovrebbe, perché la tattica è stata la stessa nei confronti della disattivazione degli ospedali del nord, a partire da al Shifa, e da sempre.
Adesso ci chiedono di riacquistarlo, l’ospedale potrebbe essere bombardato perché veniva utilizzato per ospitare ostaggi. Una “ragione” molto probabilmente fabbricata e tardiva per mettere il fiocco mancante per giustificare crimini che non possono essere giustificati, in questo caso anche un’accusa che non può essere provata e quindi non può essere smentita, se non ci sono testimoni. Dipende di chi ti fidi.
Oggettivamente, oggi il testimone “da una ragione” per disattivare l’ospedale quando i tempi saranno maturi perché il delitto venga compiuto, ora Nassere “merita” il bombardamento e l’invalidità. Forse anche il suo personale merita di essere fatto sparire come quello di altri ospedali?
Per quanto riguarda i pazienti e le altre persone… al diavolo loro, immagino che pensi l’IDF.
Ma, iella, ormai abbiamo visto tutto più di una volta (esattamente almeno 30 volte, tante quante le strutture sanitarie attaccate dall’IDF) e chiuso, ma noi, non solo “noi popolo” ma anche “noi nazioni” ” e “noi ONU”, abbiamo appreso che lo scopo era quello di ferire e potenzialmente lasciare morire se non uccidere l’elettorato, negando cure di qualsiasi tipo.
Comunque lo si dica, si è trattato di un “crimine che scivola” sulla china inclinata dalla punizione collettiva al genocidio, ma sicuramente comunque un crimine.
quindi diciamolo forte, visto che abbiamo imparato e poiché il silenzio in questo caso ancor più di prima è complicità
Giù le mani da Al Nasser e da tutte le strutture sanitarie residue e cessate il fuoco adesso
Per favore risuonate
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