video del 06-08-22

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8-year-old Palestinian child Imad Abu Shabika talks about his suffering on the rubble of his house that was destroyed by the Israeli occupation warplanes during the latest onslaught on #Gaza

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AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

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Recent Attack on Gaza + Free Ahmad Manasra Campaign

Over the weekend, Israel bombarded the captive population of Gaza yet again. This time, Israeli bombs killed 46 people, including 16 children, injured hundreds, and added another wound to the collective psyche of millions of Palestinians living with the daily, relentless violence that upholds Israel’s system of apartheid.

 

In light of these events, we are sharing four VP visuals you can use to contextualize the reality in Gaza. We are also boosting the campaign to free Ahmad Manasra from Israeli prison, whose situation remains urgent as his next hearing approaches on August 16.

 

1. NEW: GAZA WATER DATA STATEMENT

View and download this visual in English and Arabic from our website.

WhatsApp Facebook Twitter

 

2. OTHER RELEVANT VISUALS ON GAZA

Visualizing Palestine is sustained by people like you. As we grow our outreach capacity, we also seek to grow the community of VP Members who are sustaining our work for the long term. Can you support with a recurring monthly or annual contribution of any amount? Can’t become a VP Member right now? One-time donations also make a difference!

3. FREE AHMAD MANASRA CAMPAIGN

Ahmad Manasra was arrested by Israeli authorities when he was only 13 and charged as an adult in military court. He has been in Israeli prison for seven years and has been held in solitary confinement for the past 7 months. According to the UN, spending more than 15 days in solitary confinement is torture.

 

Ahmad has been subjected to extensive violence while in prison with severe consequences to his mental and physical health.

You can take action now to demand Ahmad’s release prior to the next court hearing on Thursday, August 16th that will consider extending his solitary confinement, a brutal violation of his human rights:

 

  1. Sign Palestine Global Mental Health Network‘s petition to demand Ahmad’s release. 
  2. If you are based in the U.S., email your member of Congress or use US Campaign for Palestinian Rights (USCPR) toolkit to tweet your representatives.
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Gaza is NOT a Breaking News Cycle

Good Morning,

 

As you might have seen or heard, Israel launched yet another assault on the besieged Gaza strip, with bombardments and airstrikes killing 45 Palestinians and injuring more than 360, so far.

 

With the announcement of yet another precarious ceasefire, the international community’s attention is likely to move away from Gaza, yet again, leaving its people to mourn and rebuild in isolation under Israel’s 15 years of ongoing military siege. With this being Israel’s fifth assault since 2009, it is crucial to educate and inform ourselves and each other on Gaza, and to fight against its invisibilization and its dehumanization as mere periodical news cycle. Gaza has an ancestral history that is an integral and enmeshed part of Palestinian history. We must fight to keep it as part of the whole, and look ahead with a long-term vision, united against Israel’s intention to fragment and isolate Palestinians everywhere. 

This is why we are sharing with you again our latest Palestinian Takes email from June, which was on Gaza, marking the passage of 15 years of Israel’s militarysiege. The email includes various Palestinian perspectives and resources on Gaza’s present and past, intertwined to bring us to the current moment.

 

The Nakba in 1948 and “the Gaza strip”:

The centrality of Gaza to iconic Palestinian food and land cultivation:

  • At home, on the sidewalks or dangling from the roofs of the shops at the markets or crossroads, this is how the branches of the unripe dates, called the “red gold”, announce they’re in season, a fruit after which the city of Deir Al-Balah (Land of Unripe Dates) is named.
  • Famous recipes have been curated by the Palestinian chef from Gaza, Laila Haddad in the Gaza Kitchen cookbook, documenting people’s history and daily life through traditional dishes like the Rumaniyya (eggplant lentil pomegranate bowl) and Dagga (hot tomato and dill salad).
  • With its long Mediterranean coastline, fishery became a major source of food culture and sovereignty for many families. Yet, following the Israeli blockade in 2007, fishermen were systematically prevented from accessing the sea beyond 20 nautical miles, which gradually decreased to 3 nautical miles, while regularly being targeted and shot at by the Israeli naval army.
  • “In a few years there will be no more fishing at all, we will have to forget our profession and become traders”, said Gaza fishermen in a documentary on the topic.

Palestinian fishermen preparing their fishing nets in Gaza city – Palestinian Museum Digital Archive

A testing ground for apartheid, weapons and colonial repression:

  • In 1948, Palestinian refugees “were not expecting that their exodus would be prolonged for seven decades, and that they would be subjected to condescending efforts to void their right to return.” writes Jehad Abu-Salim.
  • In the span of two decades, the Israeli regime has led four aerial bombardment campaigns, killing and injuring thousands of Palestinians in the besieged Gaza, intentionally treating it as a testing ground for its military capabilities before it is exported all over the world.
  • “All the injustices Palestinians in Gaza face are a direct consequence of the continued denial of freedom, dignity and return. Overshadowing it with a humanitarian crisis is depriving the people in Gaza of their political will and reducing them to poor, powerless and passive subjects.” – writes Abir Kopty.
  • This thematic chronology by the Interactive Encyclopedia on Palestine is an important resource  covering how main events unfolded in the Israeli assaults on Gaza in 2008-2009, 2012 and 2014-2015.

This visual by Visualizing Palestine explains how the Israeli closure on Gaza started long before the blockade and in the height of the 1990s peace process. 

We will never forget and never forgive: Palestinian testimonies from under the rubble:

  • “My brother was the only one who lived the long 12 hours under the rubble with me. He was calling my name every 5 minutes, asking: ‘Omar are you still alive?’ In his last moments, he asked me to forgive him and pronounced the Shahada. He knew he wouldn’t make it.” – This is the testimony of Omar Abu al-Ouf, the only survivor from his family of 17, who were all killed by an Israeli airstrike on their house in Gaza in May 2021
  • “My siblings and I were playing the moment when the rocket hit the ground, it exploded in front of us. I look around and I see my sister, cousins and brother! I gasped and held my sister and hugged her, I could not leave her.” – testimony of 15-years old Batoul Al Masri who lost her brother and younger sister after an Israel missile hit them while playing in May 2021.

Gaza, an artistic, creative ground: 

  • A group of youth in Gaza launched a platform designed to share stories with the world, defying harmful stereotypes through storytelling – We Are Not Numbers.
  • “Gaza Mon Amour”, a film released in 2020 and produced by the twin Tarzan brothers exiled from Gaza, is a powerful moving tale and a love story where Gaza’s ancient Greek heritage meets today’s reality, full of humanity and love behind destruction and war.

I am 22 years old, I lost 22 people – A painting by Zeinab Al-Qolaq whose home was shelled by an Israeli airstrike in 2021, killing 22 of her family members overnight, including her mother and three siblings.

Only after having unpacked the situation in Gaza can prospects for decolonization and liberation be found.

Though it is not always easy to fight against oppressive forces, we shall remain strong and united, educating, mobilizing and organizing with you from Gaza, to Nablus and beyond.

In Solidarity,

 

Inès Abdel Razek,

Advocacy Director

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ANCORA SUL DOPPIO STANDARD. ANCORA SUL RUOLO DELLA CORTE SUPREMA DI ISRAELE QUALE GARANTE DELL’IMPUNITA’ DELL’ESERCITO E DELLO STATO E COME STRUMENTO DELL’OCCUPAZIONE. ANCORA SUL RAPPORTO POLITICA / DIRITTO INTERNAZIONALE.

 

Prendo spunto da una recente sentenza della Corte Suprema di Israele del 5 luglio scorso; è opportuna, però, una premessa.

Giustamente, a proposito del conflitto in corso in Ucraina, è unanime la condanna dell’alto numero di vittime civili, soprattutto se bambini/e. Il diritto internazionale ed in particolare la IV Convenzione di Ginevra tutelano i civili che non dovrebbero essere mai coinvolti nei conflitti, men che meno esserne vittime. Laddove accade, quantomeno dovrebbero essere accertate eventuali responsabilità e garantito un risarcimento del danno. In Ucraina si sono già svolti processi avanti a tribunali ordinari ed è operativa una squadra investigativa della Corte penale internazionale ( per inciso: con inusuale solerzia, senza neppure attendere l’esaurimento dell’iter giudiziario nazionale).

In Israele mai è intervenuta condanna di soldati o coloni per le uccisioni di palestinesi o attivisti internazionali. La Corte penale internazionale è minacciata e ostacolata nella sua attività di indagine.

La sentenza del 5 luglio scorso della Corte Suprema conferma quanto già stabilito in primo grado dal tribunale di Beer Sheba nel 2018 ( la lentezza della giustizia non è prerogativa solo italiana!) e cioè che la vittima, se residente nella Striscia di Gaza, non ha diritto al risarcimento. Il caso è emblematico perché riguarda un ragazzo di 15 anni, Attiya Nabaheen, diventato tetraplegico perché colpito da proiettili israeliani mentre era nel terreno prospiciente la sua casa vicino ad Al-Bureji. Il fatto risale al 2014 durante l’eccidio denominato “ Margine protettivo”.

Otto anni dopo la giustizia israeliana sancisce che il ragazzo e la sua famiglia non hanno diritto ad alcun risarcimento perché……..residenti a Gaza.

Il supporto legale è fornito da una legge del 1952, reintrodotta nel 2012, sulla responsabilità dello Stato ( legge sui torti civili) che prescrive che i residenti in un territorio dichiarato dal governo israeliano “ territorio nemico” non hanno diritto a risarcimenti. Gaza è stata dichiarata “territorio nemico” nel 2007 subito dopo il ritiro dei coloni nel 2006. In altre parole, i gazawi sono in ogni caso responsabili di quanto gli accade per il solo fatto di essere lì, magari da generazioni oppure perché profughi da altre zone della Palestina. La legge rappresenta un unicum nel panorama internazionale perché lega conseguenze negative non alla condotta della persona ma al dato neutro della residenza. La qualifica di “nemico”, e come tale potenziale legittimo obiettivo, discende dal risiedere in territorio nemico. Ecco perché nessun gazawi, neppure le bambine e i bambini uccisi nei giorni scorsi, avrà mai un risarcimento.

Un passaggio della sentenza è particolarmente interessante nella sua franchezza e spregiudicatezza. Sostiene la Corte che la legge non è contraria al diritto internazionale ma se anche lo fosse la Knesset ha il potere di annullare il diritto internazionale. Ed ancora: la ratio della norma risiede nella deliberata volontà di danneggiare il nemico che non deve trarre alcun profitto dalla condotta,( anche se criminale, ndr) dello Stato di Israele.

La Knesset, quindi, organo politico per eccellenza, persegue una esplicita finalità politica e legifera in modo da ottenere il risultato voluto anche in spregio delle più elementari regole di diritto internazionale.

Attiya è dal 2014 su una sedia a rotelle, colpevole solo di risiedere a casa sua nella Striscia di Gaza. I media non hanno mai parlato di lui così come nulla hanno detto dei 15 bambini uccisi nei giorni scorsi. Hanno riportato il numero, qualcuno accreditando la versione israeliana per cui sarebbero rimasti vittime dei razzi palestinesi. L’asservimento della quasi totalità degli organi di informazione alla propaganda sionista ha raggiunto anche in questa occasione livelli inimmaginabili. Così Israele è libero di bombardare Gaza perché unilateralmente dichiarato “territorio nemico”, è libero di affermare con legge che garantisce il diritto all’autodeterminazione solo alla popolazione di religione ebraica, è libero di affermare, in sentenze e non solo, che il diritto internazionale non lo riguarda. Eppure è costante il ritornello per cui “ è l’unica democrazia del medio oriente”.

A Gaza nei giorni scorsi, sotto le bombe, qualcuno ha affisso un manifesto rivolto agli europei con la scritta: “Sino a quando dovremo pagare le vostre colpe ?”.

Legittima la domanda, difficile la risposta.

8 agosto 2022 Ugo Giannangeli

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STILL ON THE DOUBLE STANDARD. AGAIN ON THE ROLE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF ISRAEL AS GUARANTOR OF THE IMMUNITY OF THE ARMY AND THE STATE AND AS A TOOL OF EMPLOYMENT. MORE ABOUT THE POLITICS / INTERNATIONAL LAW RELATIONSHIP.

I take my cue from a recent sentence of the Supreme Court of Israel of last July
5; however, a premise is appropriate.
With regard to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the condemnation of the high
number of civilian victims, especially children, is rightly unanimous.
International law and in particular the IV Geneva Convention protect civilians
who should never be involved in conflicts, let alone be victims of them. Where
this happens, at least any liability should be ascertained and compensation for
damages guaranteed. In Ukraine, trials have already taken place before ordinary
courts and an investigative team of the International Criminal Court is
operational (by the way: with unusual diligence, without even waiting for the
national judicial process to be exhausted).
Israel has never condemned soldiers or settlers for the killings of Palestinians
or international activists. The International Criminal Court is threatened and
hindered in its investigation.
The decision of the Supreme Court of 5 July confirms what was already
established in the first instance by the Beer Sheba court in 2018 (the slowness
of justice is not only an Italian prerogative!) And that is that the victim, if
resident in the Gaza Strip, has not right to compensation. The case is
emblematic because it concerns a 15-year-old boy, Attiya Nabaheen, who became a
quadriplegic after being hit by Israeli bullets while he was on the ground
overlooking his house near Al-Bureji. The fact dates back to 2014 during the
massacre called "Protective margin".
Eight years later the Israeli justice establishes that the boy and his family
are not entitled to any compensation because ……Resident in Gaza.
Legal support is provided by a 1952 law, reintroduced in 2012, on State
Liability (Civil Wrong Act) which requires that residents in a territory
declared by the Israeli government "enemy territory" are not entitled to
compensation. Gaza was declared "enemy territory" in 2007 immediately after the
withdrawal of the settlers in 2006. In other words, the Gazans are in any case
responsible for what happens to them simply by being there, perhaps for
generations or because they are refugees from others areas of Palestine.
The law is unique on the international scene because it links negative
consequences not to the conduct of the person but to the neutral data of
residence. The qualification of "enemy", and as such a potential legitimate
target, derives from residing in enemy territory. That's why no Gazaw, not even
the girls and boys killed in recent days, will ever get compensation
A passage of the sentence is particularly interesting in its frankness and
unscrupulousness. The Court argues that the law is not contrary to international
law but even if it were, the Knesset has the power to overrule international
law. And again: the rationale of the law resides in the deliberate will to
damage the enemy who must not derive any profit from the conduct, (even if
criminal, ed) of the State of Israel.
The Knesset, therefore, the political body par excellence, pursues an explicit
political and legislative purpose in order to obtain the desired result even in
disregard of the most elementary rules of international law.
Attiya has been in a wheelchair since 2014, guilty only of residing in his home
in the Gaza Strip. The media have never talked about him as they have said
nothing about the 15 children killed in recent days. They reported the number,
some crediting the Israeli version that they would have been victims of
Palestinian rockets. The enslavement of almost all the media to the Zionist
propaganda reached unimaginable levels on this occasion as well. Thus Israel is
free to bomb Gaza because unilaterally declared "enemy territory", it is free to
affirm with a law that guarantees the right to self-determination only for the
Jewish population, it is free to affirm, in judgments and not only, that
international law it does not concern him. Yet the refrain that "it is the only
democracy in the Middle East" is constant.
In Gaza in recent days, under the bombs, someone has posted a poster addressed
to Europeans with the inscription: "Until when will we have to pay your sins?".
The question is legitimate, the answer difficult.
8 August 2022 Ugo Giannangeli

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The new attack by Israel on Gaza: time for the EU to take action

Date: Tue, Aug 9, 2022 at 10:46 PM

ECCP-ASBL (Belgian non-profit organization) – Head Office: Rue Stévin, 115 -1000-Bruxelles

Tel: + 32 (0) 2 230 28 48 – Fax: + 32 (0) 2 231 01 74 – Email: eccp.brussels@gmail.com

 

Brussels, August 9th, 2022

Dear HRVP Josep Borrell,

Re : The new attack by Israel on Gaza: time for the EU to take action

At this time of writing to you, there is a fragile ceasefire following the new military attack by Israel on Gaza. This is the 5th time a massive and disproportionate attack has been carried out on a besieged population of 2 million people in 15 years.

Israel calls it a pre-emptive attack against an imminent threat. There is no way that this can be justified as a defence. It is a brutal, illegal war of aggression against an occupied people.

We all know what happens when an army equipped with the most advanced technology in the world attacks a densely over-populated area with no means of escape. We have all witnessed the disproportionate loss of life and staggering material destruction inflicted upon people whose lives already hang on a thread after 15 years of blockade. This time Israel closed the Gaza border completely for 6 days, resulting in a total shutdown of the only power plant: No electricity, no adequate supply of drinkable water, hospitals under threat of closure due to the depletion of medical stocks and power, leaving them unable to function. This military operation is cutting the last lifeline in Gaza, which has already suffered 15 years of collective punishment. This is one more example of the Israeli strategy of torturing and depriving Gaza’s residents of their basic needs. It is a way of killing their society. This time Europe has no excuse for standing by.

The international community, including the EU, has a responsibility to protect civilians, since Israel as the occupying power not only fails to do so but also is waging a war of aggression against them. You know very well that calling for restraint has never worked. You are also aware that the inaction of the international community has emboldened Israel to continue to commit war crimes. This time the EU must act. The EU should impose sanctions (military embargo and suspension of the Association Agreement) demanding Israel stop all its aggression on Gaza immediately. As the largest trade partner of Israel, the EU has strong diplomatic tools with which it can exert pressure on Israel. Any delay in doing so will increase the suffering of the people and contribute to further destabilization of the region.

Besides the obligations arising from international law, Europe has a historic responsibility for the current drama in the region. The EU and the international community must end their double standards and complicity with Israel. It is high time to impose sanctions on Israel, to force it to lift the blockade of Gaza unconditionally and to cease all violations of human rights and international law.

We trust you will treat our concerns with the utmost seriousness and urgency.

Yours sincerely,

Michel LEGRAND

President of ECCP

Signed Letter :

Gentile HRVP Josep Borrell,
Re: Il nuovo attacco di Israele a Gaza: è tempo che l'UE agisca
In questo momento in cui vi scrivo, c'è un fragile cessate il fuoco a seguito del nuovo attacco
militare di Israele a Gaza. Questa è la quinta volta che un attacco massiccio e sproporzionato
viene effettuato su una popolazione assediata di 2 milioni di persone in 15 anni.
Israele lo definisce un attacco preventivo contro una minaccia imminente. Non c'è modo
che questo possa essere giustificato come una difesa. È una guerra di aggressione brutale e
illegale contro un popolo occupato.
Sappiamo tutti cosa succede quando un esercito dotato della tecnologia più avanzata del
mondo attacca un'area densamente sovrappopolata senza vie di fuga. Abbiamo tutti
assistito alla sproporzionata perdita di vite umane e all'incredibile distruzione materiale
inflitta a persone le cui vite sono già appese a un filo dopo 15 anni di blocco. Questa volta
Israele ha chiuso completamente il confine di Gaza per 6 giorni, provocando la chiusura
totale dell'unica centrale elettrica: nessuna elettricità, nessuna fornitura adeguata di acqua
potabile, ospedali minacciati di chiusura a causa dell'esaurimento delle scorte mediche e
dell'elettricità, lasciandoli incapace di funzionare. Questa operazione militare sta tagliando
l'ultima ancora di salvezza a Gaza, che ha già subito 15 anni di punizioni collettive. Questo è
un altro esempio della strategia israeliana di torturare e privare i residenti di Gaza dei loro
bisogni primari. È un modo per uccidere la loro società. Questa volta l'Europa non ha scuse
per restare a guardare.
La comunità internazionale, compresa l'UE, ha la responsabilità di proteggere i civili, poiché
Israele, in quanto potenza occupante, non solo non riesce a farlo, ma sta anche conducendo
una guerra di aggressione contro di loro. Sai benissimo che chiedere moderazione non ha
mai funzionato. Siete anche consapevoli che l'inerzia della comunità internazionale ha
incoraggiato Israele a continuare a commettere crimini di guerra. Questa volta l'UE deve
agire. L'UE dovrebbe imporre sanzioni (embargo militare e sospensione dell'accordo di
associazione) chiedendo a Israele di fermare immediatamente tutta la sua aggressione a
Gaza. In quanto principale partner commerciale di Israele, l'UE dispone di solidi strumenti
diplomatici con i quali può esercitare pressioni su Israele. Qualsiasi ritardo nel farlo
aumenterà la sofferenza delle persone e contribuirà a un'ulteriore destabilizzazione della
regione.
20220809_ Lt all'HRVP Josep Borrell: Il nuovo attacco di Israele a Gaza: è tempo che l'UE
agisca – Pagina 1 di 2
Bruxelles, 9 agosto 2022
Oltre agli obblighi derivanti dal diritto internazionale, l'Europa ha una responsabilità storica
per l'attuale dramma nella regione. L'UE e la comunità internazionale devono porre fine ai
loro doppi standard e alla loro complicità con Israele. È giunto il momento di imporre
sanzioni a Israele, di costringerlo a revocare incondizionatamente il blocco di Gaza e di porre
fine a tutte le violazioni dei diritti umani e del diritto internazionale.
Confidiamo che tratterete le nostre preoccupazioni con la massima serietà e urgenza.
Cordiali saluti,
Michel LEGRAND Presidente dell'ECCP

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The aftermath in Gaza

Palestinians look out of a heavily damaged building in Gaza city on August 8, 2022, following a cease fire between Israel and Palestinians. The cease-fire ended more than two days of intense cross-border violence that started Friday, when Israel killed Islamic Jihad’s Tayseer Jabari, the group’s chief of operations in the northern Gaza Strip. On Saturday, Israel killed Khaled Mansour, the head of the Islamic Jihad’s operations in southern Gaza, in an airstrike that demolished a house in Rafah near the border with Egypt. Photo by Ashraf Amra apaimages

Time does not pass in war, people do.

The red flame of the bombs that fill the darkness of night during war each represent a moment of death, and every person in Gaza, locked in their home, is forced to watch from a distance.

When the bombs falls, families gather in one place in the home, all together. They all stand as the sound shakes them. Someone always tries to remind the group to “stay away from windows” as the first rule of protection. Then someone tries to look outside, to confirm that the smoke from the bombs that they can tell is close by is not coming from their home. They then go back to the rest of the family and say, “it is not here, we’re still safe.”

Some people desperately wait for the end to the war from inside their homes. Other families desperately wait to get back to their homes after they have fled. Others want to stop counting martyrs; and others simply want to go out in order to return to their daily work. In many cases one day without work means a starving family.

A ceasefire was reached at 11:30 p.m. on Sunday, but people preferred to stay home until the morning, because they believed that Israel could break the ceasefire at any time and target them again in the night.

Monday morning, the crowded city of Gaza woke up. It does not have time to mourn. Everything went back to normal, except for families who lost their loved ones, of course. Nothing will go back to normal for them.

Drivers, workers, street peddlers, and passengers all jumped into the streets on the first morning after the war. They wanted to breathe freedom by moving inside the besieged city of Gaza. A blessing they were prevented from doing for the three previous days.

It is understandable when people go for a walk to see how their city turned out after the war, but getting back to their hard work without taking at least one day of rest after three terrifying days of bombs ? This leads you wonder, how are we really handling the violence of war?

Mohammed Saqqa, 13, is standing on the sidewalk at Omar Al-Mokhtar Street. Only a hundred meters away from where a bomb targeted a car and killed three people. He is trying to entice some passersby to buy the perfume and makeup which he sells.

Mohammed survived the war in the Al-Zaytoun neighborhood east of Gaza city along with eight of his family members. He and his father were waiting for the war to end to go back to work in order to buy some food.

“They were very scary days. Every time we heard a bomb I jumped from my bed to go to my mother,” he tells me. This maybe gives you the impression that Mohammed is simply a child who still goes to his mother seeking safety. But this is not the truth. As the eldest son, he feels responsible. Working all day trying to get some money to feed the family has taken away his childhood. Now in his head he is a responsible man, a child no more.

“I really wish I could rest, or have some psychologist help me like other people in the world who suffer wars, but these are only wishes. Here I am, standing here from 9:00 in the morning to secure the food for my family. No one during or after the war asks me or my family ‘how are you doing?’” the 13-year-old boy tells me.

“How are you doing?” I ask him immediately.

The boy starts crying at once.

“I’m sad, scared, and tired. I just want to sleep without panic or bombs over my head.” The boy opens his heart and speaks. His crying melts the manly shield he was wearing, or feels forced to wear.

“The news was full of children who were killed, I saw their photos on social media, and I put myself in their places. I imagine that the war kills kids, and I do not want my mother to suffer like the mothers of the kids who were killed. I do not want to break her heart; I want to stay alive not torn apart in an Israeli airstrike,” he tells me.

Mohammed wishes that he was born in a different place, where he could grow normally and work when he finished school, and die when his body is fully grown.

I walk through the crowded main streets and parks in the wake of this war, which leads me to a family of six people sitting in Al-Rimal garden.

Eman Hamed, 34, is a mother of four kids, and she describes the aftermath of the war as simply a pause in the killing of Palestinians.

“The war will come back again, and again, and again,” she says.

“We are here in the park to have some peaceful times because this peace will vanish whenever Israel decides to launch a new war.”

She considers every day of a Palestinian’s life to be a day at war. “There is not a single day that passes without reading or watching Israelis kill Palestinians,” Eman says. “My 77-year-old mother always says that she has lived her entire life in wars. I was born in wars as well, and my four kids were born in war, so how could I say that the war ended?”

“The war does not end unless the occupation ends,” she says.

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Escalation in the Gaza Strip and Israel

18:00, 8 August 2022

KEY POINTS

  • Following intense hostilities between Palestinian militant factions, led by Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), and Israel between 5 and 7 August, a ceasefire brokered by Egypt and the UN came into effect on 7 August at 23:30.
  • The Israeli army and the PIJ have confirmed the end of their respective military operations.
  • OHCHR confirmed a total of 46 Palestinian casualties, including 16 children. MoH in Gaza reported 360 Palestinians injured, including at least 151 children, 58 women and 19 older persons.
  • Magen David Adom reported that 47 Israelis have been injured; Israeli authorities reported 70.
  • Israeli security started to gradually remove restrictions on crossings with Gaza imposed on 2 August, allowing limited movement of people and authorized commodities, including fuel.
  • The Gaza Power Plant, shut down since 6 August, resumed function on 8 August in the afternoon.
  • 1,761 housing units have sustained damages. 450 Palestinians have been internally displaced, and 8,500 people have been impacted by the damages.
  • Gaza is slowly starting to return to routine life with the opening of public and private works, markets and educational facilities.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

During the night of 7 August, Israeli Air Forces fired several missiles toward a residential building in the southern Gaza Strip of Rafah, killing Khaled Mansour, a senior PIJ official. Another two people were killed, and several nearby houses sustained severe damages. The same night, six people, including four children, were killed in an explosion in Jabalia Camp in northern Gaza. Palestinian sources claim the explosion was caused by an Israeli airstrike. The Israeli army claims it did not carry out any attacks at the time of the explosion and that a misfired Palestinian rocket caused the explosion.

Destruction following the Israeli airstrike during the escalation in August 2022. © Photo by OCHA

In response to the killing of the PIJ official, militant groups in Gaza, led by the PIJ, indiscriminately fired hundreds of rockets toward Israel. Heavy exchanges of fire continued throughout 7 August, intensifying in the hours leading up to the ceasefire.

On 7 August at 23:30, a ceasefire brokered by Egypt and the UN came into effect. There were two reported attacks from Gaza very shortly after the ceasefire, but hostilities stopped before midnight. The Israeli army and the PIJ have issued statements confirming the end of their respective military operations.

On 8 August, Israeli security started to gradually remove the restrictions on Gaza crossings imposed on 2 August, allowing movement for specific categories of people with permits and authorizing commodities, including fuel. The Gaza Power Plant (GPP) which shut down on 6 August at noon due to lack of fuel (causing rolling power cuts up to 20 hours a day) resumed function at noon on 8 August, enabling power supply for about 11 hours per day.

The escalation has resulted in casualties and destruction, worsening the humanitarian situation in Gaza. OHCHR reported 46 Palestinians killed, including 15 children and 4 women. MoH in Gaza reported 360 Palestinians injured, including 151 children, 58 women and 19 older persons. 1,761 housing units in Gaza sustained damages, 18 of which are fully destroyed and 68 severely damaged. 84 families (450 individuals) are displaced in the host community, and 8,500 individuals have been affected by housing damages. As of 8 August, there are no reports of displaced people in UNRWA schools.

According to the Israeli authorities, a total of 70 Israelis were injured. Magen David Adom, Israel’s national emergency service, reported that 47 Israelis were evacuated by the organization to hospitals from the beginning of the escalation until 22:00 on Sunday. Three people were injured from shrapnel, 31 people were injured while running to shelters, and 13 from shock. Israeli sources stated that at least three shells hit near Erez crossing, causing damages, and that 1,100 rockets and projectiles were fired from Gaza throughout the escalation, of which approximately 900 crossed into Israel and 200 fell short and landed within Gaza.

Rafah crossing was closed during the weekend of 5-6 August but was regularly opened on 7 August for the movement of authorized people and goods.

HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & RESPONSE

Health

All 81 health facilities remain functional, 22 of which are operated by UNRWA and 59 by MoH and NGOs, however, 1 hospital and 1 ambulance sustained damages.  The MoH has shared its list of needs with partners. There is an urgent need to replenish prepositioned trauma and emergency response supplies used to respond to this crisis. Health partners are reviewing funds and exploring possibilities for reprogramming to respond to the arising needs.

Six main hospitals have activated their Emergency Preparedness Plans and PRCS has activated its contingency plan to operate their emergency rooms 24/7. Al Quds Hospital has increased its bed capacity in case it must receive overflow patients from Al Shifa Hospital.

For those requiring life-saving treatment not available in Gaza, there is a need to enable their referrals to seek treatment outside of Gaza. The recent closure prevented an average of 50 of Gaza’s most vulnerable patients per day, from receiving critically needed treatments, surgeries and care, including for cancer and other life-threatening conditions outside Gaza. The latest escalation has further delayed the entry of 14 portable x-rays and spare parts.

The Health Cluster estimates the most urgent health needs to the value of US$ 2 million which include drugs, disposables, laboratory supplies and fuel for major hospitals.

Shelter

Eighteen housing units were destroyed and 68 severely damaged, leaving 84 families (450 individuals) internally displaced to the host community. In addition, an estimated 1,675 housing units sustained moderate to minor damage, affecting 8,500 individuals.

Urgent temporary shelter for displaced people is required. This includes the provision of essential non-food items, transitional shelter cash assistance, and cleaning and disinfection supplies. Other NFIs support to affected families is also needed to protect them from weather extremes and allow for dignified support to females, children and elderly peoples, and those suffering from disability or impairment.

The Shelter Cluster activated an online emergency group to facilitate sharing information among partners with a particular focus on needs assessment and coordinated responses. So far, 63 of 168 families identified through the Ministry of Social Development assessment have received NFI assistance.

Protection

As of 18:00 on 8 August, the UN has verified 46 Palestinians killed, including 15 children and 4 women, since the start of escalation on 5 August.

The pre-existing elevated levels of trauma, psychological distress and disorders have been exacerbated, especially in children in affected areas who were already in need of MHPSS services. The Child Protection Area of Responsibility (CP AoR) foresees a need for expanded, structured and specialized CP and Mental Health and Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) services. Remote counseling for children and their families including Psychological First Aid (PFA) is being reactivated, including a hotline.  There is also a need to scale up recreational kits and designate supplies for future shocks.

The high risk of injury from Explosive Remnants of War (ERW), especially for people displaced due to damaged or destroyed homes, and those close to the main areas of bombardment – calls for ERW assessments, risk awareness and education. The Mine Action Area of Responsibility (AoR) has started to implement their Emergency Risk Education plan and conflict preparedness and protection campaign. ERW messages were widespread via social media, sponsored advertisements, and influencers and journalists to partners and working groups.

Gender-Based Violence (GBV) AoR partners started delivery of both remote and in-person services on 7 August, distributing 80 dignity kits and extending helpline capacities through increasing operating hours and phone operators. Some hotlines are operating 24/7 and are receiving a large number of calls. GBV in all its forms is expected to increase. Access to GBV services, dignity kits, cash voucher assistance for women at risk of GBV, is needed in affected areas, including Rafah. IDPs, GBV survivors and women and girls at risk of GBV require protection support, including GBV case management and referral, as well as PFA and MHPSS. GBV service providers and frontline workers also require PFA and emergency MHPSS.

Access challenges, shortage of electricity and medication, and bank and market closures seriously impact CP, MHPSS and GBV service provisions. Two of the 3 key radio stations for ERW messaging stopped working due to heavy bombardment. GBV and Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) services are affected by banks and market closures. Cancer survivors, people with chronic diseases and people with MHPSS requiring medication are affected by shortages of medicines and medical supplies. Shortages of dignity kits require donors to agree to re-program existing stocks. Frontline workers are in need of MHPSS support. Tollfree hotlines are constrained by limited staffing. MHPSS needs among children have been exacerbated and the risk of recuring trauma particularly in areas of heavy bombardment remains. Additional funding and capacity to address increasing MHPSS needs is needed.

Protection Cluster partners are monitoring and documenting possible violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law, as well as the number of fatalities.

Food security

During the escalation, animal fodder and production was at risk due to the closure of the crossing, as the overall capacity of fodder stockpiles in Gaza is no more than seven days.

Around 18% of shops reported having food provision issues related to a shortage of dairy products and rising commodity prices.

WFP is preparing with other humanitarian partners for an emergency response to meet the humanitarian needs on the ground. 5,000 additional beneficiaries are being added to the existing list of WFP to be provided cash assistance, and another 5,000 are being provided cash assistance through the UN cash assistance system. UN cash assistance is scheduled to be provided to approximately 600,000 vulnerable beneficiaries this week.

WFP reported that its food distribution for the third quarter cycle is planned to launch on 1 September in spite of delays due to crossing restrictions. UNRWA reported no shortages in food deliveries following the announcement of the opening of the Kerem Shalom crossing on 8 August.

The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) has started assessing damage to agricultural lands, however no major damage is expected.

Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

The WASH cluster reported no damage to water or sanitation infrastructure. Nevertheless, the access restrictions and the power supply shortages have severely impacted the provision of WASH services.

The WASH Cluster is coordinating with relevant partners to be on standby to provide any required operation and maintenance support for the sector. UNICEF is allocating the required resources for the provision of fuel, chemicals, and chlorine for the operation of critical WASH facilities. The stocks of chlorine and chemicals required to operate water wells and desalination plants are currently insufficient.

Education

All educational activities were suspended during the escalation. Following the declaration of the ceasefire, universities announced that they will reopen on Tuesday, 9 August. All summer activities implemented by education service providers and education cluster partners will resume in the coming few days.
The education cluster is working with partners and service providers to identify damages to education facilities, if any. At least one university’s premises were affected by an air strike.

A need for a scale-up of summer activities and MHPSS programs is needed to respond to children’s needs

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